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Title

STUDYING THE EFFECT OF GENDER ON NON-AFFECTIVE PROSODY

Pages

 Start Page 119 | End Page 130

Keywords

NON- AFFECTIVE (LINGUISTIC) PROSODYQ3

Abstract

 Human brain has been constructed to be different between male and female from structural and functional points of view. This research aims at the study of the difference between two GENDERs in perception of non- affective (linguistic) prosody of speech. The present study is cross – sectional, whose subjects include 50 Iranians in two GENDER categories of male and female. The responses of each group to all tests are registered. The stimuli comprises 144 linguistic sentences (declarative, interrogative and imperative) in three categories of meaningful, non-sense and filtered types, which are recorded by two speakers, a man and a woman and presented to the subjects. Data analysis is carried out using statistical independent t-Test. The results indicate that there is a statistically significant difference between males and FEMALES in perception of non- affective prosody (P<0.005). The comparison of the mid-results also shows that women's efficiency in perception of non- affective (linguistic) prosody is more than men's. The mentioned result is the same for the nonsense stimuli. It means that women's efficiency in perception of non- affective prosody in none-sense sentences is also more than men's (P<0.005). Neither women nor men show a meaningful difference in perception of filtered sentences. (P= 0.103). Therefore, human FEMALES exhibit a higher level of efficiency in perceiving and responding to linguistic prosody.

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