Journal Paper

Paper Information

Journal: نقد ادبی
Year:1395 | Volume:9 | Issue:35
Start Page:71 | End Page:99

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Information Journal Paper

Title

A STUDY ON THE AUTHORSHIP OF SA’DI’S RASA’EL

Writers

POORAKBAR ARASH

Pages

 Start Page 71 | End Page 99

Abstract

 Rasa’el is a collection of six prose pieces by Sa‘di that are usually included in his oeuvre. Since the early attempts at publishing a scholarly edition of his oeuvre, the question of Rasa’el’s AUTHORSHIP has been a central problem for the scholars. Several scholars have studied these six treatises and given us different answers to this problem. In the following study, I have quantitatively analyzed the Rasa’el using STYLOMETRY and AUTHORSHIP attribution techniques and compare it with Golestan —a well-known work by Sa‘di. I have used two different techniques to do my analysis. The first technique is ―characteristic curves‖proposed by Mendenhall (1841-1924). The second is a quantitative model to explain the repetition and distribution of vocabulary in each piece of writing. Ultimately, my answers correspond with Foroughi‘s conjecture about these writings. Three of these writings, namely, Nasihat ul-Muluk, Aql o Eshq, and Ankiyano, are surely written by Sa‘di. Taqrirat-e Salase and Dar Taqrir-e Dibache are not penned by Sa‘di. The author of Majales-e Panjgane also is not Sa‘di, but it is possible that its content draws on Sa‘di‘s speeches for the people.

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