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Title

PRETREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL BIOLOGICAL SLUDGE BY ULTRASONIC PROCESS: EFFICIENCY IN HYDROLYSIS, STABILIZATION, AND DEWATERING

Pages

 Start Page 25 | End Page 36

Abstract

 Background and Objective: ULTRASONIC disintegration is a pretreatment process before stabilization and DEWATERING that degrades SLUDGE and changes its physical and chemical characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of ULTRASONIC in enhancing hydrolyses, stabilization and DEWATERING of municipal raw activated SLUDGE.Materials and Methods: The samples were taken from returned activated SLUDGE and then they were exposed to ULTRASONIC (Frequency: 20 and 40 kHz) in different times (0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60 min). The effectiveness of ULTRASONIC for hydrolysis, stabilization and DEWATERING processes were determined with measuring TS, TSS, CST, SRF, VS, nVS, VSss, and VSsol.Results: VSsol was increased by 73% in 15 min and at frequency of 20 kHz, whereas VSsol increas was100% at 10 min and 40 kHz. The reduction of VS was observed at 15 min and 20 kHz. Then after, it was reached 18% after 60 min. For 40 kHz, VS reduction started at 10 min and reached 24% after 60 min. Specific resistance of SLUDGE at two frequencies of 20 and 40 kHz and contact time of 1 min were decreased by 25 and 20% respectively. The capillary suction time at the frequencies of 20 and 40 kHz and contact time of 1 min was decreased 28 and 21%, respectively.Conclusion: The optimum effectiveness of ULTRASONIC in hydrolysis of organic matter of raw biological SLUDGE was at the contact time of 10 min and frequency of 40 kHz. The highest stabilization at the frequency of 40 kHz was observed at 60 min contact time. The best condition for SLUDGE DEWATERING was at frequency of 20 kHz and contact time of 1 min.

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