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Information Journal Paper

Title

POLICY MAKING FOR R&D CENTERS ACCORDING TO IDEA-TO-MARKET PROCESS; CASE STUDY: IRAN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY

Pages

  11-18

Abstract

 Nowadays, R& D is becoming one of the most important pillars of corporations. But there are several different and diverse approaches regarding the structure and position of R& D department in corporations. Most of the large companies have in-house R& D department. Except corporate R& Ds, independent research and development organizations have been established in many countries to promote scientific and technological capabilities. Each of these two types of research and development organizations has a special mission and making policies for them requires a particular process. The aim of this paper is to do policy-making for research and development organizations according to idea to-market-process. For this purpose, first, the elements of IDEA-TO-MARKET PROCESS and then the types of research and development organizations, including corporate and non-corporate are described. Then different types of structures of corporate R& D (in large organization) will be defined and policies for the duties and nature of their activities in centralized and decentralized sectors of corporate R& D (in hybrid R& D structures) based on the elements of the IDEA-TO-MARKET PROCESS are discussed. Next, the proposed principles for the oil industry as the country's largest industry, which has several research and development departments as a case study, have been applied and finally suggestions for improving research and development in the petroleum industry are presented.

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