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Journal: رشد فناوری
Year:1390 | Volume:8 | Issue:29
Start Page:63 | End Page:72

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Title

RECOGNITION AND EVALUATION OF THE CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS IN IRAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS IN THE VIEWPOINT OF SOME EXPERTS

Pages

 Start Page 63 | End Page 72

Abstract

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK as a part of national innovation system and a segment of knowledge based economic development, by providing necessary conditions for marketing researches and by trading the results of the researches, play an effective role in accelerating the procedure of transforming the ideas into the products and in developing the technology. For reaching these purposes a SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK -just like any other organizations- necessarily must have some characteristics without which it cannot have an effective function based on requirements and targets. These characteristics are the main elements of a SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK in a way that lack of any of them can bar the path of success. In fact these elements are the fundamental parts (unrepeatable ones) that they should have been reached as inductor purposes in order to reach the main purposes. In management literature, these factors are called “critical success factors". In this research after examining the theoretical resources, the CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS of SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK mentioned in twenty eight factors set in four groups consist of: local factors, indicative factors, management factors and social and cultural factors, and then these factors evaluate by experts in mutual comparisons. The results indicate that among these four groups, the management factors are the most important ones and among those reached factors the following are considered to be the most significant factors: having strategy, purposes and definite planes, dominance of managers on discussions about SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKs, the existence of political atmosphere for supporting the park and its purposes, defining formal criteria for reception and attendance, evaluating and controlling the activities of resident firms in the park.

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