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Title

THE MITHRAICISM MOTIFS IN THE ORNAMENTAL DESIGNS OF IRANIAN ARTS

Author(s)

ROSTAM BEIGI SAMIN

Pages

  49-67

Abstract

 In symbolic Persian mythology, lighting and light has arisen from the dome of the sky. The sky has been imagined like as a dome of rock, that light has born from it. From the aspect of mythology, borns of Mithra from a rock cliff, is the metamorphosis of same myth. This symbol along with other symbolic images which originated from Mehr’s stories and concepts whom was the Saoshyant of Iranian people in old periods, had changed a lot during centuries and in variety forms has had multiple appearances in the symbolic and visual history of this land. In this article Symptoms and traces of this ancient religion, which had the global spread, has been reviewed and analyzed from the pictorial aspects and the concepts embodied in it. because Mehr rituals is one of the religions in which iconic images as the visual language to transfer of concepts and principles of this religion and its followers have been used and over time, sometimes with the same meanings hidden in these images and keep them next centuries with changes in the same way and with the broader concept have been used.The basis of this research is a comparative study Research documents and citing the mythology, history and religions of ancient Iran, and especially by sources close to the Avesta, the symbols of the conceptual approach have introduced and then by searching the traces of Mehri ritual elements, their symbolic roles in different periods of IRANIAN ART and related samples have been investigated. This text wants to consider the Mithraism elements which are come to the other artistic motifs during centuries by comparative view and with descriptive and analysis methods.The results are shown in 4 paradigms.A lot of motifs from Mithraism tradition are seen in later periods.Those motifs which are seen in other artistic works carried the same meaning as Mithraism motifs.Some motifs are omitted because of conflicts which were existed between them and the principles of that time.Most of Mithraism motifs are used as ornamental motifs in later periods.

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