Journal Paper

Paper Information

Journal: نگره
Year:1394 | Volume:10 | Issue:34
Start Page:5 | End Page:25

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Title

A SURVEY OF ILLUSTRAINS OF SAINT FATEMEH’S LIFE IN TOOFANOLBOKA LITHOGRAPHED MANUSCRIPTS

Writers

ASGARI FATEMEH

Pages

 Start Page 5 | End Page 25

Abstract

 Some of the main characteristics of SAINT FATEMEH are: piety, wisdom, maturity, honesty and HIJAB. Unfortunately, limited illustrations of herlife have been found, few of which are in TOOFANOLBOKA. This book was one of the most important and popular books of the Qajar era among common people, especially the eulogists. The data were collected from library sources and field research. This survey was performed based on the study of the available lithographic illustrated manuscripts of TOOFANOLBOKA between the years 1270 to 1355 (AH) in National Archives of Iran, using comparative-analytical method to express and evaluate the symbols, compositions and the pictorial qualities of SAINT FATEMEH’s life and characteristics including her HIJAB. Also the question is what are the distinctive features of SAINT FATEMEH’s illustration in comparison to the other illustrated characters? How were the atmospheres and the relation to the meanings of the images, and whether a style from a particular era was followed? With regard to the results, this book, contains the most illustrations of SAINT FATEMEH of any lithographic manuscripts, which has gradually been forgotten. Despite the previous findings of researchers, the first available lithographic manuscript belongs to the year 1270 (AH).Atmospheres, expressive forms and other elements of these works in many cases follow the court painting in the Qajar era and the mythological expression in the arts of ancient Iran and Renaissance. The artist, used (black and white) sketching style to depict her HIJAB, luminosity, courteousness and beauty through an ideal aspect, character-centered, firm and balanced atmosphere, and the limbs and clothing are drawn in a manner that the attention is usually called to SAINT FATEMEH through the intended elements, though some of these illustrations were not completely successful.

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