Journal Paper

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Journal: نگره
Year:1391 | Volume:7 | Issue:22
Start Page:24 | End Page:37

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Title

FINDING THE ORIGIN OF PATRIARCHS CUSTOMS AND ADAPT THEM WITH ABU SAIED SHAHNAMEH WITH EMPHASIS ON THE MOURN ILLUSTRATIONS

Pages

 Start Page 24 | End Page 37

Abstract

 Social CUSTOMS and traditions have been changed in different periods of the time and with the changes of governments and have always manifested in new forms. These differences could be seen in the ceremony of MOURNING. MONGOLs in the beginning, because of their primitive life, had certain CUSTOMS that prominently were appeared in their daily activities. They had acted based on costumes which had rooted in their beliefs, even years after attacking Iran and establishing government. Although after following Islam, some of these traditions underwent basic changes, some others remained the same. Having political aims, the PATRIARCH decided to write historical books and illustrate them (such as the Shahnameh). These kinds of books are combinations of historical course of events of PATRIARCHies period which their traditions outstandingly observed in them. Abu Saied’s Shahnameh is one of the important manuscripts of that period which its illustrations show the traditions of their time. This paper studies on illustrations with the subject of MOURNING. Now the main question is that: How these illustrations reflect MONGOLian MOURNING traditions? Check the roots of these traditions in four paintings with the theme of MOURNING is the main purpose of this paper that its method is descriptive - analytical study and The information is compiled Through the library method. Based on this research, those CUSTOMS that had related to MOURNING ceremonies of that time are mentioned and have been studied in illustrations. Also the most important resulting findings say, these illustrations show common traditions that PATRIARCHies perform in their MOURNING and it is compatible with what is in the historical sources of the people’s CUSTOMS on that time.

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