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Information Journal Paper

Title

COMPARISON OF A GHAZAL OF RUMI WITH A GHAZAL OF SANAI BASED ON COMPONENTS OF SURREALISM

Pages

 Start Page 139 | End Page 164

Abstract

 The source of many of Rumi’s literary methods and principles of thought should be found in SANAI’s poetry. The existence of some surrealistic elements in Rumi's poems can also be analyzed as impact of SANAI. It can be said that surrealistic or pseudo-surrealist thoughts exist, more or less, in the poetry of both poets. In the present article, by using descriptive-analytic method, two surrealistic GHAZALs from SANAI and Rumi are considered and differences and similarities between two GHAZALs are shown. The results of the research show that both GHAZALs have common surrealistic features such as absolute mentality, the elimination of time and place, the expression of wonderful things, automatic writing, mystical drunkenness, imagination and dream, spiritual manifestation, belief in incompleteness of language, love and freedom. But, we can point out the differences as follows: Rumi uses more automatic writing; his mystical drunkenness is more than SANAI; and his language is more visual and exciting than him, as if the flame of Rumi's language is like fire and the flame of the SANAI’s is like a candle.

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