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Plato's Utopia in the Paradigmatic Narrative (Based on the Republic’ s Dialogue)


 Start Page 29 | End Page 59


Ontology, Epistemology and anthropology are considered as the basis for any theory in the humanities, as there is no theory, explicit or implicit, that is not based on these basic metaphysical principles. Also, the Political thought as a normative concept, always arises in relation to the context and the time and its contemporary crisis, reflecting these crises and based on the fundamental philosophical foundations, determine its favorable conditions that derived from normative criteria and articulates, its specific formations from patterns of authority. Comparing ideas in Political thought with each other that can be based on their metaphysical principles and norms, is considered to be a category of Political thought. According to such a process of political theory, Political thought is a paradigmatic narrative. This article seeks to provide a the Paradigmatic Narrative from Political thought of Plato, based on the Republic's dialogue. And by demonstrating the metaphysical fundamentals of his contemporary crisis, analysis the positive and negative ratio of Plato's Utopia with those crisis and fundamentals. The moral crisis and the decline of Athens in the Peloponnesian War and the emergence of sophists, remains the central crisis of Plato. The idea world is located in the center of Plato's Epistemology and Ontology. The Platonic Utopia is based on the philosopher-king rule, that was following the presidential paradigm, only will be understood through Plato’ s contemporary crisis and his methaphysical foundations.


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