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Journal: IRANIAN JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE | Year:1388 | Volume:3 | Issue:2 | Start Page:13 | End Page:27

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Title

USING AIRBORNE LIDAR TO PREDICT TRANSPIRATION AND LEAF AREA INDEX

Pages

 Start Page 13 | End Page 27

Abstract

 Estimation of riparian forest structural attributes, such as the LEAF AREA INDEX (LAI), is an important step in identifying the amount of water use in riparian forest areas. In this study, small-footprint LIDAR data were used to estimate biophysical properties of young, mature, and old cottonwood trees in the Upper SAN PEDRO River Basin, Arizona, USA. Four metrics (tree height, height of median energy, ground return ratio, and canopy return ratio) were derived by synthetically constructing a large footprint LIDAR waveform from small-footprint LIDAR data which were compared to ground-based high-resolution Intelligent Laser Ranging and Imaging System (ILRIS) scanner images. These four metrics were incorporated into a stepwise regression procedure to predict field-derived LAI for different age classes of cottonwoods. This research applied the PENMAN-Monteith model to estimate TRANSPIRATION of the cottonwood clusters using LIDAR-derived canopy metrics. These TRANSPIRATION estimates compared very well to ground-based sap flux TRANSPIRATION estimates indicating LIDAR-derived LA! can be used to improve riparian cottonwood water use estimates.

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