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Journal: آینه معرفت
Year:1388 | Volume:7 | Issue:21
Start Page:1 | End Page:33

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Title

ONTOLOGY FROM DAWANI’S POINT OF VIEW

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 Start Page 1 | End Page 33

Abstract

 Jalal al-Din Dawani is one of the prominent Islamic scholars of the school of Shiraz whose thoughts can greatly help our acquaintance with this school and its impact on Islamic philosophy. No doubt Dawani’s most important thoughts can be sought out in his anthological theories. He sets forth two approaches in this respect which are as follows:1. With regard to the UNITY OF BEING, he ascribes existence to the essence of God and believes that all other beings acquire existence through ascription to that particular existence. On this basis, he considers communion of beings as relative communion which means communion in entity. With regard to the mental being, his belief is that the scientific form is different from the true being and with regard to causality he defines effect as dignity and manifestation of the cause.2. With regard to outside beings, he bases his philosophy on contingent beings whose existence cannot be distinguished from their essence. On this basis, he rejects the applicability of the incidental rule to the relation between existence and essence.The present article intends to evaluate the role of the UNITY OF BEING in Dawani’s ontological thoughts and for this purpose it deals with existence and essence, forgery, mental being and causality.

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