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Title

SURVEYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS TRADE AND VIRTUAL LAND IN IRAN

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 Start Page 1 | End Page 20

Abstract

 Land is one of the natural resources in agricultural sector that its quality is affected by promotion of FOREIGN TRADE. This article surveys the effect of FOREIGN TRADE on land usage and its relation with sustainability. For this purpose, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT is calculated for the period of 1971-2007 and compared with biological capacity index that show sustainability a resource usage pattern, to obvious the sustainability status. Also, a concept called LAND FOOTPRINT is calculated to survey the effect of international trade on land usage. The necessary data contain average yield of produced, exported and imported agricultural goods, amount of their exported and imported and also IRAN’s population and are collected from various sources. The results indicated that, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT (EF) is greater than biological capacity in studied years. It means that there is potential production capacity in agricultural sector in IRAN. But EF is multiplier that indicates no sustainability approach of IRAN. This status will be intensification by VIRTUAL LAND of LAND FOOTPRINT. So the developed programs should be directed based on sustainability and compatible with sustainable agriculture.

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