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Title

COMPARISON BETWEEN THE EFFECT OF HYPERTONIC SALINE AND RINGER LACTATE IN RESUSCITATION OF TRAUMA PATIENTS WITH HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK

Pages

 Start Page 391 | End Page 396

Abstract

 Background and Objective: the most common cause of shock in surgical or trauma patients is blood loss due to bleeding. The usual treatment for this type of shock is the replacement of isotonic fluids. The aim of this project is to compare the effect of hypertonic saline (3.5%) and RINGER LACTATE in the RESUSCITATION of trauma patients with HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK.Subjects and Methods: In this double blind clinical trial study, using a simplerandom sampling, trauma patients referred to Ahwaz Golestan hospital emergency room, were divided into the case and control groups (85 cases VS.85 control). The group received a HYPERTONICSALINE solution 3.5% and intervention was done in the control group using the routine method of RESUSCITATION, including administration of of RINGER LACTATE.Results: In this study.170 patients (157 males and 13 females) were studied. The required time and the volume of the fluid intake to reach Blood pressure of 90 mmHg in the hypertonic-treated case group was significantly lower than the RINGER LACTATE-treated control group. In a comparison between other variables, except serum sodium, 24 hr after the start of treatment, no significant difference was seen between the two groups.Conclusion: At the start of the treatment for patients with patients with HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK following trauma, the use of hypertonic saline with a limited volume caused the reduced amount of fluid intake and the decreased the time of getting out of shock. Therefore, the use of hypertonic saline in patients with HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK is recommended.

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