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Journal: RESEARCHES IN MYSTICAL LITERATURE GAWHAR-I GUYA) | Year:1389 | Volume:4 | Issue:3 (SEQUENTIAL 15) | Start Page:55 | End Page:84

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Title

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF “TARH” AND “TOWGHI” IN PERSIAN AND ARABIC LITERATURE

Writers

KYANI H. | MIRGHADERI S.F.

Pages

 Start Page 55 | End Page 84

Abstract

 Tarh poem in Persian and TOWGHI in Arabic are two kinds of modern poetry which are told in a meaningful way by using a few words. We can say that short classic poems in Persian and Arabic are replaced by TARH and TOWGHI which are recognized by Persian and Arabic poets in early 70s of 20th century. History of Persian SHORT POEMs goes back to the old SHORT POEMs and then to “Khosravi-ha” and history of Arabic SHORT POEMs goes back to TOWGHI of Abbasi’s time. The most important reasons for the spread of this kind of poems are: Change of opinion about the world, speed and hurry, change in collective feelings, business and lack of time, traditions’ violation and being influenced by others. This kind of poem in Persian was started by Nima’s SHORT POEMs and was followed by Bizhan Jalili, Zia’oddin Khaleghi, Mohammad Zahri, Mansur Owji and Sirus Nowzari. In Arabic it was started by Amin Al-Reyhani and Jobran Khalil Jobran and was followed by Ezzoddin Monasere, Ahmad Matar, Mozzaffar Navvab and Ebrahim Nasrollah. In this research, the properties of TARH and TOWGHI like language, meter and rhyme, BREVITY and semantic norm breaking and attraction of subject are studied, and also it is shown that although this kind of poem is affected by foreign poems, it is not a copy of them, and it goes back to old poems of these two literatures.

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