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Title

THE PREVALENCE OF BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AND RELATED FACTORS IN WOMAN WHO REFEREING TO HEALTH CENTER OF SANANDAJ CITY IN 2014

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 Start Page 1 | End Page 12

Abstract

 Background and Aim: Breast and CERVICAL CANCERs the most common cancer and the main cause of cancer deathin WOMEn. Cancer SCREENING is based on Prevention and early detection. The aim of this study was the survey of Prevalence of Breast and CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING behavior and related factors in woman who refereeing to health center of Sanandaj city.Material and Method: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 250 over 20- years old WOMEn's referring to Health Centers in 2014 years which were recruited with a Cluster sampling method. Data was collected through a Researcher made questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire using Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.85. Data was analyzed by SPSS v16 software.Results: The mean age of participants was 36 years. Two hundred and seven participants (82.8%) were married and the level of education in 65 WOMEn (26%) was diploma. One hundred and ninety-six (78.4) WOMEn in this study was house keeper. The percentage of SCREENING tests including self-examination, clinical examination, mammography and Pap smear consequently were 13.6%, 4.8%, 9.6% and 7.2%. The most important factors affecting SCREENING tests in this study was age, educational level, job, marital status and history of problem and history of cancer in the family.Conclusion: The Breast and CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING tests was less than expected in the study population. Regarding the factors affecting these tests need to pay more attention to the programs that will improve the level of SCREENING behaviors.

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