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Title

COMPARISON OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF CHAMOMILE AND CHLORHEXIDINE AGAINST PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS

Pages

 Start Page 87 | End Page 99

Abstract

 Porphyromonas gingivalis is an obligate anaerobic bacterium. This bacterium is one of the most important agents causing adult PERIODONTITIS. PERIODONTITIS is a common oral infection. Oral infections are usually controlled by mouthwashes, for example CHLORHEXIDINE and herbal mouthwash. The purpose of the present study was to evalue of antimicrobial effects of mouthwash of CHAMOMILE, essential oil of CHAMOMILE and CHLORHEXIDINE. We evaluated the antimicrobial effects by agar diffusion method on supplemented Brucella agar. The growth inhibition zones were measured and compared with each other. Inhibition zone for CHAMOMILE mouthwash, CHLORHEXIDINE (0.2%) and essential oil (1:5 dilution) of CHAMOMILE were 13, 29.33 and 19.3 mm, respectively. The results showed that CHAMOMILE have antimicrobial effect on PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS. It appears that we can use CHAMOMILE as mouthwash for treatment and prophylaxis of PERIODONTITIS.

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