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Information Journal Paper

Title

THE MORTALITY SALIENCE AND SELF–ESTEEM: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

Pages

  57-64

Abstract

 The TERROR MANAGEMENT (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) and EMOTIONAL-PROCESSING MIND (Longs, 2004) theo- ories suggest that the threat of death is the most fundamental and important source of adaptive and maladaptive psychological structures like high and low SELF-ESTEEM. The present research examined the effect of MORTALITY SALIENCE (MS; Rosenblatt et al. , 1989) on SELF-ESTEEM. A sample of 91 female and 128 male students of TehranUniversity were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. The experimental group answered the two questions about MS topic and the control group answered the two questions about Non MORTALITY SALIENCE topic (Pyszczynski et al. , 1999). Then both groups filled out Rosenberg's SELF-ESTEEM scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Findings revealed that the SELF-ESTEEM of experimental group was significantly higher than control group (P=0.03). Results are discussed based on the role of death in the psychological structure of the individual.

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