Journal Issue Information

راهبرد | سال:1389 | دوره:19 | شماره:55 (بخش ویژه بررسی های بین الملل)

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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Writer: 

آگاه مهوش

Journal: 

راهبرد

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    1389
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (بخش ویژه بررسی های بین الملل)
  • Start Page: 

    261
  • End Page: 

    278
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    73
  • Downloads: 

    38
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

پیچیدگی وجود انسان و خلقت شگفت انگیز او، مودی به این حقیقت شده تا هر روز چشم انتظار اکتشاف قابلیتهای نوینی نسبت به وجود او باشیم. هیپنوز، یکی از این اکتشاف هاست که در دهه های اخیر رشد قابل ملاحظه ای پیدا کرده و در عرصه های گوناگون پزشکی، حضور فعال یافته است. یکی از کاربردهای این پدیدار، درمان درد بیماران است. در جهان امروز، از این پدیدار در سطح گسترده برای کاهش مصرف داروهای شیمیایی و مخدرها و همچنین پایین آوردن هزینه درمان و کاستن از فشار هزینه بر سازمانهای بیمه گر استفاده می گردد. مقاله حاضر، این پدیدار را معرفی نموده، جایگاه برجسته امروزین آن را در پزشکی مدرن (در مقایسه با گذشته ها) تشریح کرده و مبتنی بر پژوهشهای بومی در داخل کشور بر این فرضیه مهر تایید گذارده است که هیپنوتراپی میتواند به عنوان یک رهیافت موثر در درمان درد، مورد توجه نظام تصمیم سازی و تصمیم گیری قرار گیرد. مقاله در پایان پیشنهادهایی را در راستای تحقق بهینه امر مذکور، مطرح مینماید.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    123
  • End Page: 

    137
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    356
  • Downloads: 

    134
Abstract: 

This paper focuses on soft power as a means of simultaneous defense and offense (without in-depth discussion of the nature of soft threats) before discussing potential and actual soft power capacities of the Islamic Republic. It also elaborates on possible applications of this immense source of national power to both head off soft threats and impress target societies in an offensive manner. In fact, the main hypothesis of this paper is that overemphasis on the concept of "soft threat" will cause the Islamic Republic to ignore its "soft power" resources, especially in cultural and civilizational fields, and unconsciously take a defensive position when formulating and implementing relevant policies.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

DOULATKHAH Z. | ZAHRANI M.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    139
  • End Page: 

    170
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    2
  • Views: 

    1185
  • Downloads: 

    162
Abstract: 

Sanctions are used in contemporary international relations to settle disputes and achieve certain political goals. More than often, they reflect discontent of powerful members of the United Nations Security Council over international and internal behaviors of other members. North Korea and Iran have been subject to severe sanctions in recent years which aimed to get these countries give up their nuclear programs. Since permanent members of the Security Council have different economic and strategic interests in various parts of the world, imposition of sanctions against North Korea and Iran has been discriminatory. Therefore, sanctions against North Korea and Iran do not pursue the same goals and extensive lobbies by countries like China and Russia have been very influential in determining severity of sanctions against those countries. The present paper compares sanctions imposed against North Korea and Iran and the influence of countries like China and Russia on different treatment of Iran and North Korea by international community.

Yearly Impact:  

View 1185

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Writer: 

GHAVAM A.A.A. | RAVANBOD A.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    171
  • End Page: 

    187
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    1
  • Views: 

    175
  • Downloads: 

    127
Abstract: 

After the concept of “responsibility to protect” was included in 2005 World Summit Outcome Document, most proponents maintained that unlike its predecessor, humanitarian intervention, the new concept could be easily adopted as a new international norm. Differences in interests and concerns between the Western Groups and the members of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), however, have slowed down that process. The present paper tries to offer a better understanding of the concept of "responsibility to protect" by focusing on its quality and evolution and its identity as a norm. It also explains different reactions shown to this concept by western states and members of the Non-Aligned Movement. The author maintains that "responsibility to protect" is based on the theory of universality of justice, protection of human dignity, and promotion of ethics in international relations. Promotion of this concept, however, has been sluggish due to resistance from non-aligned countries against its rapid development into an international norm as they fear the new concept can be used against other countries in an arbitrary and politicized way by western states.

Yearly Impact:  

View 175

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Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    189
  • End Page: 

    220
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    5
  • Views: 

    278
  • Downloads: 

    119
Abstract: 

Westernization was the dominant political trend in 1990s Turkey. Domination of this approach on Turkey's foreign policy in 1990s was, in fact, continuation of globalist viewpoints which governed the country's foreign policy throughout the Cold War. According to this foreign policy approach, Ankara reduced its role in Middle East equations to a minimum in 1990s. This paper argues that after Justice and Development Party swept to power in 2002 and despite continuation of the aforesaid approach in Turkey's foreign policy, the country has been more actively involved in regional equations of the Middle East. Involvement of Turkey in regional equations and establishment of close relations with other Middle Eastern countries has its own reasons, dimensions and consequences which have been discussed here.

Yearly Impact:  

View 278

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Writer: 

MASOUDNIA H.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    223
  • End Page: 

    242
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    287
  • Downloads: 

    131
Abstract: 

Globalization refers to complicated processes making states and societies closer to each other. Although this phenomenon has a long history, it seems that it became more prevalent, in its new sense, after the emergence of the information revolution in the 1990s. Globalization has been influential in different political, economic, social and cultural areas, but perhaps it has been more controversial in the realm of global culture. Its critics have considered it tantamount to the American domination over the world. On the opposite side, its proponents believe that global culture means the interminglement of cultures. However, there is a group of people who see it as cultural dis-integration that is globalization is an opportunity and at the same time a threat for different cultures. The effects of globalization on religion have been of paradoxical nature that is it has been an opportunity for religion from technological point of view and putting in question metanarratives for the life of religion and strengthening its social role, but a threat due to its post-modernist relativism and analysis of theological teaching in the framework of discourse analysis. Perhaps one of the most concrete consequences of globalization for religion in the contemporary world is the rapprochement of religions and the creation of a positive atmosphere for the formation of a kind of global theology; the fact that not only paves the way for dialogue between religions, but also strengthens religion as a software movement in the scene of international politics.

Yearly Impact:  

View 287

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Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    243
  • End Page: 

    260
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    776
  • Downloads: 

    371
Abstract: 

Social concepts are essentially complicated and diverse. for this reason, theorization on this issues has been always controversial. What is necessary in addressing these issues is the emphasis on different views expressed by thinkers. It should be recognized that today different variables in the Process of analyzing social problems tend to theorize and mere emphasis on some classical theories for understanding complicated social problems is not instrumental. On the other hand, the promotion of theorization in solving social problems has created new needs and questions beyond the capacity of the discipline of sociology and hence challenged its existence and efficiency. Naturally, we cannot rely upon those things which so far contributed to the growth and development of sociology and its relevant branches such as political sociology and to the creation of existing frameworks within micro and macro sociology. Today, social sciences scholars are in the borderline between empirical research and philosophical analysis, and pursue two main goals: deepening our philosophical understanding of sociology duo to theoretization in this discipline, and setting the ground for advancement in this discipline through laying the basis of theoretical thought, and accurate analyses. While taking a glance at the classical sociological theories, this article tries to study the status of theorization in sociology as a set of a priori attempts involving theoretical activities regarding the relationships between new social variable, affected by social problems.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

MALAYERI M.H.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    281
  • End Page: 

    317
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    244
  • Downloads: 

    117
Abstract: 

The later period of philosophical life of Heidegger cannot be understood without having clear knowledge about his earlier beliefs. This article describes Heidegger's earlier views on science and then explores the changes made in his views in his later period of philosophical activities. As the article shows, the later works of Heidegger add new elements to the characteristics of the modern science and also put more emphasis on some past elements.

Yearly Impact:  

View 244

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Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    37
  • End Page: 

    58
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    334
  • Downloads: 

    194
Abstract: 

Introduction of new substances to workplace or living environment may be followed by various potential and actual hazards and ignoring them will entail great risks. This paper conducts a general discussion on the impact of nano-particles and nanotechnology on human health and their possible damages to environment. As much as nanotechnology has appealed to people, its environmental hazards have raised concerns. Therefore, methods used to manage health hazards of nanotechnology will be subject of future researches.

Yearly Impact:  

View 334

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Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    59
  • End Page: 

    77
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    3
  • Views: 

    378
  • Downloads: 

    117
Abstract: 

Cooperation between North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Persian Gulf littoral countries [members of (Persian) Gulf Cooperation Council] actually started at NATO Summit in 2004. During the Summit, participants adopted document of Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) in which the Persian Gulf states had been called on to enter into security and military cooperation with NATO. Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates have thus far responded positive to that call and have signed agreements with NATO for security cooperation or exchange of military and security information. Security cooperation between NATO and the Persian Gulf states, which follows an initiative for the establishment of peace and dialogue in the Mediterranean, seems to be aimed at stabilizing the neighborhood of NATO and adjacent regions. NATO pursues four goals through the cooperation: 1. to face new threats; 2. to prevent weakening of nuclear nonproliferation regime; 3. to help forge a regional participatory security model; and 4. to ensure security of energy resources and transmission lines. Therefore, presence of NATO in the southern part of the Persian Gulf and signing security and intelligence agreements with those countries can have negative consequences for the Islamic Republic of Iran and the necessity of adopting a foreign policy which would turn this potential threat into an opportunity is felt more than before.

Yearly Impact:  

View 378

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Writer: 

ROUHANI HASAN

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    7
  • End Page: 

    34
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    189
  • Downloads: 

    115
Abstract: 

The year 2003 witnessed the emergence of the first national document of development issued by the supreme leader. Monitoring the achievements made in light of this document through using environmental essential elements and futurist studies is of great importance. A classical method for explaining the trend of developments is using indices defined and elaborated by international institutions. However, exigencies resulted from abiding by determined perspective invite us to the redefinition of these indices. While redefining the main elements of environmental changes in light of the above-men tined exigencies, this article explains their importance for the future of Iran.

Yearly Impact:  

View 189

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Writer: 

SHIRZAD H.R. | KHARAZI F.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    79
  • End Page: 

    95
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    158
  • Downloads: 

    93
Abstract: 

Following 22-day invasion of Gaza by the Zionist regime which led to the massacre of 1,400 Palestinians leaving 5,000 more injured, destruction of infrastructures and governmental facilities and demolition of more than 20,000 houses, the UN Human Rights Council formed a fact-finding committee headed by Justice Richard Goldstone to see into the case. Extensive investigations followed whose findings were presented to the Council in a 574-page report which alluded to "perpetration of war crimes and possible crimes against humanity." Despite severe protests by Israel, the United States, and some European countries, the report was adopted unanimously by the General Assembly paving the way for submission of the report to the Security Council and filing a lawsuit with The Hague Tribunal as possible next steps.This paper discusses various aspects of the report from the viewpoint of international humanitarian law before scrutinizing international responsibilities of the Zionist regime on the basis of information contained in the report.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

KHABIRI K. | JADALI S.N.

Journal: 

RAHBORD

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    19
  • Issue: 

    55 (SPECIAL SECTION ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS STUDIES)
  • Start Page: 

    97
  • End Page: 

    121
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    280
  • Downloads: 

    129
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Universal jurisdiction is a legal principle which allows every country to bring to justice perpetrators of grave crimes no matter where the crime has been committed and regardless of nationality of perpetrators or their victims. The doctrine of universal jurisdiction asserts that some crimes are so heinous that their perpetrators should not escape justice by invoking sovereign immunity or inviolability of internationally recognized borders. Despite numerous positive developments in national practice, significant limitations remain which hinder the exercise of universal jurisdiction. These limitations are not necessarily inherent in all cases of universal jurisdiction and could be overcome with sufficient political will.

Yearly Impact:  

View 280

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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID