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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Writer: 

آزمایش علی

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    1386
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    پیش شماره 2
  • Start Page: 

    1
  • End Page: 

    5
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    134
  • Downloads: 

    148
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

از نظر تاریخی و سیاسی علم حقوق یا فن حقوق یا آمیزه های حقوق بدون ارتباط با قدرت و سیاست نیست. هم چنانکه بدون ارتباط با تاریخ، جامعه شناسی، روانشناسی، مردم شناسی و فلسفه نیز نیست. کسی که فقط مواد قانونی را بشناسد و علت وجود ماده قانونی را نفهمد چیزی بیش از یک تکنسین حقوق نخواهد بود. از نظر بحث تاریخی قدرت همیشه در دست یک نفر یا نماینده آن فرد یا رییس قبیله یا حاکم یا شاه متمرکز بوده است. در مورد منشاء این قدرت نظرات و مکاتب مختلف ظهور کرده اند که در حقوق اساسی به آنها پرداخته می شود.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

مالکی جلیل

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    1386
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    پیش شماره 2
  • Start Page: 

    99
  • End Page: 

    127
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    246
  • Downloads: 

    81
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

جبران خسارت در بیمه مسولیت مدنی متصدیان حمل و نقل و دارندگان وسایل نقلیه موتوری یکی از مباحث حقوق بیمه است که هر بیمه گر و بیمه کذار پس از وقوع حادثه با آن مواجه می شود. مشکلاتی که در جریان جبران خسارات، از زمان وقوع حادثه تا زمان تصفیه خسارت به وجود می آید ما را بر آن داشت تا زوایای این بحث را مورد بررسی و مداقه قرار دهیم.بر همین مبنا مباحثی همچون جبران خسارت در بیمه مضاعف، جبران خسارت در کم بیمه شدگی، جبران خسارت در صورت انتقال موضوع بیمه، انواع خسارت قابل پرداخت در بیمه مسوولیت مدنی متصدیان حمل و نقل و دارندگان وسایل نقلیه موتوری، میزان خسارت قابل پرداخت در بیمه مسوولیت مدنی متصدیان حمل و نقل و دارندگان وسایل نقلیه موتوری، زمان طرح دعوی جبران خسارت، نحوه تصفیه خسارت و بالاخره خلاء ها و نارسایی ها و ابهامات موجود در قوانین و مقررات بیمه ای و ارایه راهکارهای مناسب برای آن، از جمله مباحثی است که در این مقاله سعی شده است به آن پرداخته شود.

Yearly Impact:  

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    1386
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    پیش شماره 2
  • Start Page: 

    29
  • End Page: 

    47
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    354
  • Downloads: 

    208
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

سازمان همکاری شانگهای سازمانی است منطقه ای. علت ایجاد این سازمان نگرانی های امنیتی کشورهای منطقه بود. کسترش اقدامات تروریستی و جدائی طلبی و همچنین گسترش قاچاق مواد مخدر از جمله اصلی ترین دلائلی بودند که موجب شدند تا کشورهای روسیه و چین به همراه کشورهای آسیای مرکزی در صدد تشریک مساعی با یکدیگر برای مقابله با این تهدیدات که بعضا دارای ریشه خارج از منطقه و تحریکات قدرت های غربی برای گسترش هر چه بیشتر نفوذ خود در این منطقه بود بر آیند. بدین ترتیب بود این سازمان با هدف مقابله با این تهدیدات بوجود آمد. ولی بتدریج در کنار مسائل امنیتی موضوعات کسترش روابط در زمینه های دیگر مانند مسائل اقتصادی، فرهنگی نیز مورد توجه قرار گرفت. با توجه به وسعت قلمرو این سازمان و جمعیت کشورهای عضو امروزه این سازمان بعد از سازمان ملل بزرگترین سازمان بین المللی محسوب می شود. ایران نیز با توجه به سیاست استقلال طلبانه خود تمایل خود را بعضویت در سازمان ابراز نموده که تقاضای او بعنوان عضو ناظر پذیرفته شده است.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

MOHAMMADI ABDOLALI

Journal: 

AZAD LEGAL RESEARCHES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    129
  • End Page: 

    143
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    255
  • Downloads: 

    690
Abstract: 

In this article, I am trying to establish the principle of freedom of assiginment of contract. In the first part of the article, I will discuss the scope of assiginment of contracts as to their types and causes of assignment. In this part, I will discuss the scope of assiginment in major types of contracts (revocable and irrevocable, named and unnamed, conditional and unconditional contracts) in voluntary, unvoluntary and consequential assiginment separatly and then I trying to explain the possible inconsistency of the assignment with the traditional principles of Freedem of choose the other party of contract and Privity of contracts. In the second part, as a concluding part, I have tried to establishe the principle of freedom of assignment of contract, drawing of my discussion the scope of assignment and what, in my opinion, is consistent whit the requirment of contracts and also taking in to cosideration of historical changes of the law in conection with the trasfer of rights and liabilities.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

AZAD LEGAL RESEARCHES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    145
  • End Page: 

    178
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    955
  • Downloads: 

    221
Abstract: 

Imposing lash punishment on offenders as a degrading-physical reaction has a long application in human communities. this thesis while providing a historical analysis of his punishment and relevant criminal concepts tries to evaluate it penologicaly in irans criminal system. thus the main focus of this study will be on personal and social advantages and disadvantages resulting [rom imposing this punishment accompanied by quality of its execution in irans criminal law. In Ihis way some question arise that present study tries to find appropriate response for them. those questions respectively are. dues imposing this punishment leads to offenders reform and correctionjto how extent this punishment in achieving a general and particular defference purpose has been successful? does this punishment make neutral criminal impulsive motives which are continuously under change and transformation? dues it in line with human rights documents and criteria? in enacting this punishment 10 how extents irans criminal legislator has had attention to penology, sociological and criminological rules and principles? Based on this questions we will lace with 10 different approaches about this punishment: one which agrees with it and belie res that it has a detterent and reformative role. the other which opposes 10 it and denies this presumed role. Our evaluation shows that first this punishment is not able to make itself congruent with modern criminal procedures. second although it is not possible to denv completely this role detterent role of this punishment is greatly under question. third there is no direct relationship between enatting this punishment and criminal impulsive motives fourth executing this punishment is in obvious conflicts with human rights documents and human itarian criteria. fifth irans criminal legislator in enacting this punishment has no attention to observance of scientific rules and priciples. sixth public executing of this punishment is greatly under question.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

ABBASLOO BAKHTIAR

Journal: 

AZAD LEGAL RESEARCHES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    49
  • End Page: 

    69
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    688
  • Downloads: 

    216
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Because police work involves risky split-second deisions, officers become subject to a wide range of investigations, complaints, and legal against them When police fail to  perform them negligently, or abuse their authority ,the possibility of civil liability exists. Police may be responsible in the following cases: civil liability for police use of excessive force. police civil liability for failure to protect, police civil liability for negligent pursuits, police civil liability for failure to arrest intoxicated drivers ,police civil liability for failure to prevent detainee shicide and the liability of traffic officers. We have defind in the article legal foundations for police civil liability and exemptions.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

AZAD LEGAL RESEARCHES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    7
  • End Page: 

    27
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    472
  • Downloads: 

    518
Abstract: 

Expansion of urban life nowadays, is a definite reality. Hence, this is vital that the citis going toward extansion. This reality put the burden on sholder of municipalities to move along with necessary projects at the same time. ln many cases performance of public plans conflict with personal right of ownership. Regulations have come to play a role to solve the difference between public right and the personal right of ownership, approperiately. This effort, at the result, has brought a perfect arrengment that is suitable to be study from all of its dimensions. Study of this order, sometimes, is from theoretical point of view and in some cases the stody is from practical point of view. From theoritical point of view the attention is on sources and fundation of this arrangement; moreover, with analysis of this elements, the effort is to make a general recognision and clarify its framework. From practical point of view the effort is consideration and recognision of present legal solusions regardless of any especifice basic. According to this method the focus is mostly on performing body, also how the regulations play their role in this regard. Any way, to be clearly introduce with the present regulations of right of ownership versus public municipal plans, it is appraperiate to mention the said above methods. In order to complete proficiency on this subject, it is proper to have a full understanding of these two methods.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

ABBASI ESMAEIL

Journal: 

AZAD LEGAL RESEARCHES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    71
  • End Page: 

    97
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    1498
  • Downloads: 

    294
Abstract: 

The term "Good Faith" in contracts could be considered as a simple and easy to grasp and at the same time very sophisticated and difficult concept. Simple because, every individual has a clear understanding of the term "Good Fait" such as having good and not deceitful intentions. Understanding of this apparently simple and clear concept in contracts is difficult and complicated and there are lots of conflicting views and debates about the meaning of this term which shows how difficult is to provide a clear meaning for "Good Faith" could be divided into two main categories. The first group consists of definitions which have positive implications that is to say, by defining what is considered as "Good Faith" and cases that come under this term. an attempt is made to elaborate on this concept. The second group refers to definitions which have negative implications. In other word, what cases are not considered as "Good Faith" but rather lack "Good Faith". Meanwhile, with respect to the definitions provide above for "Good Faith" in contract, it becomes clear that this concept is related to other legal contractual concepts and terms. The main concepts and terms (entities) which are somehow related to the concept of "Good Faith" are: Fair dealing, principle of disclose, Estoppel, Misrepresentation, Abuse of right and Equity. Due to similaries and closeness of the meaning and connotation of these terms and the "Good Faith", in order to have comprehensive understanding of the term "Good Faith" and the related concepts it is imperative to review and make comparison between the above concepts and the term "Good Faith".

Yearly Impact:  

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