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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Journal: 

TOBACCO AND HEALTH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    1
  • End Page: 

    9
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    25
  • Downloads: 

    15
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Background: Hookah smoking is considered a health problem in women and interventions should be designed to reduce it. This study aimed to explore the effect of an educational campaign based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on the reduction of hookah smoking. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental research was conducted on 177 female hookah smokers above 15 years of age residing in Hormoz Island. The data collection instrument contained two sections: demographic information and the constructs of the TPB. The questionnaire was completed twice, before the educational intervention and 3 months after the intervention. The educational campaign was conducted by making cell phone calls, putting up billboards, distributing pamphlets, holding face-to-face classes, and forming a peer group. The data were analyzed using paired-sample t-test, and McNemar’ s test in SPSS version 23. 0. Results: The mean age of the participants and the beginning age of smoking hookahs among the participating women were 34. 16 ± 10. 47 and 22. 20 ± 8. 45 years, respectively. After the educational campaign, there was a significant increase in the scores of the TPB constructs (attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention) and a reduction in hookah smoking among participants (P < 0. 05). Moreover, the frequency of smoking hookah per month and per week showed a statistically significant reduction among the participants after the administration of the educational campaign (P < 0. 05). During this time, 6 participants stopped smoking hookah. Conclusion: In the light of the present findings, it can be concluded that the conducted educational campaign based on the TPB significantly reduced hookah smoking among girls and women.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

TOBACCO AND HEALTH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    10
  • End Page: 

    18
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    12
  • Downloads: 

    16
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Background: Smoking hookah during the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic is a dangerous factor which could exacerbate the symptoms of the illness. The present study aimed at determining the relationship between knowledge and attitudes toward the negative effects of smoking hookah on the exacerbation of COVID-19 symptoms and the role of some effective sociodemographic factors. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted (February 2021 to April 2021) among 933 women over the age of 15 who smoked hookah in Hormozgan province. A self-made questionnaire was completed by women after its preparation and online checking of its validity and reliability. Results: The mean and standard deviation of knowledge and attitude scores were 5. 13 ± 2. 19 and 25. 20 ± 4. 75, respectively. In this study, 65% of the subjects had adequate knowledge and 48. 7% had a positive attitude. However, the predictors of adequate knowledge were: subjects aged over 50 compared to those aged 35-50 years [1. 975 (1. 029-3. 794)], subjects with university degrees compared to those with primary school, high school or diploma degrees [2. 445 (1. 476-4. 049)], [5. 508 (3. 305-9. 178)], [3. 991 (1. 981-8. 042)], subjects with good economic status compared to those with poor economic status [1. 966 (1. 218-3. 175)], and age of onset of smoking hookah after 30 compared to the onset age between 15 and 30 as well as below 15 [2. 563 (1. 030-6. 379)], [6. 308 (2. 249-17. 693)]. There was no statistically significant relationship between any of the demographic factors and attitudes. Conclusion: In general, increasing knowledge and changing attitudes about the relationship between smoking hookah and exacerbation of the COVID-19 symptoms can be an effective step in reducing hookah use during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings can provide policymakers with valuable insights and information on the importance of community-wide training programs.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

TOBACCO AND HEALTH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    36
  • End Page: 

    41
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    14
  • Downloads: 

    15
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Background: Tobacco smoking is a major anticipated risk factor that causes serious health challenges. In recent decades, hookah consumption has grown rapidly among adolescents and the youth around the world and it is currently considered a global public health problem. Therefore, the present study aims at investigating hookah consumption and identifying related socio-cultural factors. Materials and Methods: This study used a quantitative method and the survey technique. Using multi-stage stratified sampling, 600 young subjects aged 18-29 were studied in the city of Shiraz. William Cockerham’ s health lifestyles model was used as the theoretical framework for this study and the data were analyzed using SPSS. Results: The findings of this study indicated that 44. 2% of the respondents have a history of hookah use and there is a statistically significant relationship between hookah use and age, gender, marital status, education, social belonging, social capital, health-related cultural capital, and general selfefficacy. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it seems that using coherent educational and culturebuilding programs and, thus, the promotion of social capital, health-related cultural capital, and general self-efficacy, the hookah consumption rate can be reduced among the youth.

Yearly Impact:  

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Journal: 

TOBACCO AND HEALTH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    44
  • End Page: 

    51
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    22
  • Downloads: 

    11
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

The coronavirus, which leads to coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), may affect various systems of the body (including respiratory, heart, blood circulation, gastrointestinal, nervous, urinary, and renal systems). Similar to COVID-19, first-and second-hand smoking also endanger the immune system and affect a wide range of systems. Therefore, considering the adverse effects of tobacco on different systems of the body, this study aimed at investigating the effects of tobacco on the onset, transmission, prognosis, and severity of COVID-19 in patients. Related articles were selected through advanced searching in Scopus, PubMed, and ScienceDirect databases and Google search engine while including no time limit and using three keywords derived from Mesh (COVID-19, smoking, and tobacco). Most studies have indicated that the incidence of COVID-19 was extremely lower in patients with a history of active smoking compared to patients with no smoking history. According to the results, smoking has an impact on the prognosis and outcome of COVID-19, increases the severity of the disease, the need for hospitalization and the intensive care unit (ICU), and the death rate, as well as challenging the treatment process and changing the attitude of smokers, enhancing their desire to quit smoking. Therefore, smokers are less likely to develop COVID-19, but the rate of transmission, disease severity, and mortality and the need for hospitalization increase in these subjects, and thus treatment will be challenging. Thus, quitting smoking may help improve the function of the respiratory system.

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