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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    1
  • End Page: 

    25
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    44
  • Downloads: 

    87
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

An elderly-friendly city is a city that promotes active aging and includes those urban spaces where the distribution of public services is such that it is most in line with the needs and limitations of the elderly. The purpose of this study was to survey Sari situation in terms of urban space for elderly living with an emphasis on eight indicators namely buildings and open spaces, transportation, housing, social participation, revered elderly and social socialization, Citizen participation and occupation, information, communication, social support, and health services. This study naturally is applied research and methodologically is descriptive-analytical. Data and information collection were done in a library manner and field using a questionnaire. The statistical population of this study included all inhabitants of 60 year-ups of the city of Sari sampled using the Cochran formula who were 385 persons selected as statistical sample. To analyze the questionnaire, we used the SPSS software and ran a single-sample t-test. The results indicated that from the perspective of the elderly, the indices of open spaces and buildings, transportation, housing, social participation, elderly reverence, social and citizen participation, occupation, information and communication, social support, and health services are not favorable for the elderly, even to the extent of satisfying their basic needs.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    109
  • End Page: 

    126
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    34
  • Downloads: 

    81
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Border security is of particular importance in all countries. This has a more colorful role in Kermanshah province with a long border with Iraq. Meanwhile, Qasr Shirin with more than 180 kilometers of border with Iraq and two active borders; the market border of Parviz Khan and Khosravi official border and connection with the two regions of Kurdistan in Iraq and the central government is of special importance. Border exchange is one of the main factors in the growth, development, and economic life of border cities, which can play a major role in the development of the region. In this research, the SWOT model has been used to create a matrix and analysis, and to score the variables used from the perspective of experts. The obtained results showed that weaknesses outweigh strengths and threats outweigh opportunities and strategies should be tailored accordingly.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    127
  • End Page: 

    152
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    33
  • Downloads: 

    77
Abstract: 

The growing trend of urbanization in the years after the Industrial Revolution reduced the capacity of cities to meet the needs of citizens and their capabilities. In this regard, the occurrence of unexpected events such as the Corona outbreak has raised the need to measure the flexibility of cities to establish a proportion between the container and the urban content. Although the outbreak of Corona is an unexpected event, in recent years cities have been warned through SARS that human society in general and cities, in particular, should adopt policies against events such as high-prevalence infectious diseases, but so far the issue of infectious diseases in cities has not been addressed, so when cities face such incidents, more confusion and disability are displayed. The present study aims to identify cities against infectious diseases, identify all the effects that infectious diseases can have on cities, and finally provide the best coping strategies. For this purpose, the documentary-field method has been used to collect information and for analysis and evaluation, FEMA and FAAO techniques have been used and GIS has been used for graphical representation. The results of the research have shown that; closure of small businesses, the inability of the poor to provide for their livelihoods, loss of socio-spatial justice in the distribution and use of services, adverse psychological effects on citizens at risk of disease, and reverse effects of public transportation on disease, scarcity, and hoarding of food-therapy, closure and suspension of educational activities, the disorder of urban management institutions to deal with the Covid-19, reverse effect of congestion growth against the infectious disease, have been the most important effects of infectious disease on cities, in this regard, actions to control and resilience of the city before and after failure have been presented. The obtained results have been proved to be successful.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    153
  • End Page: 

    180
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    39
  • Downloads: 

    92
Abstract: 

With the rapid growth of residential complexes and their physical development, we sometimes see the environmental quality of residential spaces deteriorating, leading to various life crises. Housing problems today include a wide range of mental disorders such as stress, anxiety, and depression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between physical components of architecture in reducing depression and anxiety in dispersed, striped and centralized residential complexes. The statistical population of this study was 3400 residents of 9 residential complexes in Tehran. Simple random sampling was performed using the Morgan table with 340 participants. To analyze the data related to ‘ depression’ , a researcher-made questionnaire, physical components of architecture in mental health, was validated by 20 architects and experts in the field with a reliability index of 0. 809 and a situation-trait anxiety questionnaire with a reliability index of 0. 90, and a Beck questionnaire with a reliability of 0. 93. Also, Pearson correlation and regression tests were used to analyze the data. The findings show a significant correlation between different types of dispersed, striped, concentrated, and stressed residential complexes and depression. Also, the analysis of the results showed that all physical components of residential complexes in dispersed complexes can be more effective in reducing stress with a correlation coefficient of 0. 784, the beta regression coefficient of-0. 550, and depression reduction with a correlation coefficient of 0. 776, the beta regression coefficient of-0. 574. The ratio of band and concentratin was also proved to be effective.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    181
  • End Page: 

    199
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    37
  • Downloads: 

    75
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

The rapid growth of the city and the consequent increase in urbanization has led to major problems, including the increase of informal settlements in developing countries such as Iran. Accordingly, the type and nature of dealing with the phenomenon of informal housing are the issues that have a special place in urban planning and management. In the past, various approaches to the problem of informal settlements have become commonplace and widely used in different countries. But the ineffectiveness of the plans forced the government to adopt a new approach to enable residents in the late 1980s. In general, considering a multidimensional and more comprehensive enabling approach somewhat covers the previous weaknesses. Also, the use of participatory practices in the empowerment of informal settlements is one of the strategies that are now underlined by urban scholars. The necessity of using the rational indicators in promoting the participation of people in implementing the plans of informal settlement enabling becomes more and more important. The present article attempts to investigate the effect of the scale of rational action (assessment of cost and benefit) on improving the participation of people in implementing various plans for the enabling of informal settlements. The statistical population of the study includes residents of informal settlements of Vakil Abad and Islamabad 2 in Urmia and the sample size covers 150 households. The research method in this study is descriptive-comparative and is based on documentary and questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha, statistical methods, Pearson, and linear regression tests in Spss were used to obtain the necessary data. The research results have been used to gain a better understanding of the location to examine the physical, social and environmental aspects of the location. The results indicate that, by promoting the level of rational action indicators, the level of participation of residents in the implementation of enabling plans increases. Also, the results of the Path model analysis demonstrate that the effectiveness of government recommendations in enabling plans with a score of 0. 490 and the effectiveness of enabling plans with a score of 0. 445 has the highest effect. The utility index of demolition of residential units and their aggregation with a score of 0. 128 and also a timely performance of the projects by the municipality with a score of 0. 292 had the least effect on popular participation.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    201
  • End Page: 

    221
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    23
  • Downloads: 

    72
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Achieving a livable city as an approach resulting from the theory of sustainable development is of great importance. The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate sustainable urban indicators and variables and provide a comprehensive model to explain the effective factors in achieving a livable city The statistical population of the study included the residents of District 10 of Tehran, and the research method was descriptive-analytical and a survey. The main instruments of data collection in this study were a questionnaire, interview, and observation. The results of statistical analysis showed that four social, economic, physical, and environmental factors play an important role in achieving a livable city, and the economy is the most important factor among the other factors.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    27
  • End Page: 

    46
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    38
  • Downloads: 

    71
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Livability has a significant effect on the life, growth of cities, and the quality of life of citizens. Despite the high environmental capabilities of many cities in Iran, they face many livability problems, and thus, their solutions are the major priorities. A livability is a suitable place for human life. Semantic and mental aspects of citizens, especially a sense of living place affect livability. Hence, this study assesses the effect of the sense of place on the livability of citizens in Tehran. Tehran, which is currently facing several livability problems, is selected for the study due to the high population and the large displacement of its population. To this end, the questionnaires' assessment, as well as the structural equation modeling (SEM), are used in districts 1, 4, 5, and 6. These districts were selected as the study samples due to a relatively balanced distribution of socio-economic and cultural strata in Tehran as well as different environmental and physical conditions. The obtained results indicated that the most effective way to improve livability yields the t-statistic in a range of 5. 3 to 36. 7. Besides, understanding the current situation of the city by the citizens of Tehran includes the social and psychological aspects, where the social aspect has more priority than the psychological one.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    47
  • End Page: 

    66
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    35
  • Downloads: 

    82
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Assessment of resilience rate in urban land uses and survey of their vulnerability situation in probable disasters is very prominent and has a special necessity in urban crisis management plans. Moreover, among urban land uses, educational land use has a singular significance because of the concentration of potential human resources in the future and the priority of rescue. The aim of this study is an assessment of the vulnerability rate in probable crises and also the availability of main management indicators in crisis planning and emergency evacuation of the population in the second education district of Isfahan. The case of this study is all schools in the secondary education district of Isfahan which is located in the third and fourth urban districts. The 142 participants of the study were selected from among the primary, secondary, high school, technical, and centers of special needs. The research method in this study is applied and descriptive. The schools in the study area have been evaluated and reviewed using two special indicator groups: basic and management indicators. The indicators are combined and new and are the latest ones in applied methods used by researchers and research institutes in the field of crisis management. The results show that schools in the secondary education district of Isfahan are weak in terms of fundamental structures and their resilience in probable crises such as earthquakes. On the other hand, the crisis management situation in these schools is undesirable based on their advantages. Therefore, these schools are extremely weak in crisis management and evacuation. In general, the situation of the schools studied in probable events is considered unsuitable, vulnerable, and critical, taking into account integrated indicators and requires strengthening of infrastructure and management approaches.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    67
  • End Page: 

    86
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    29
  • Downloads: 

    75
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Sustainability is one of the new approaches defined in the system of urban studies that is fully in line with sustainable development. Indeed, the biodiversity approach focuses on the overall health of an urban system. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze and explain the correlation pattern between dimensions and indicators of viability in Zahedan. The qualitative and quantitative methods as well as applied research, software such as LISREL, SPSS, and factor analysis were used to analyze the obtained data. The results of the Kayser-Meier and Walkin (KMO) criterion showed that with a significance level of less than 0. 05, factor analysis is significant to identify the structure and factor model. The results of LISREL software show a good proportion of data biodiversity dimensions. The second-order factor analysis also showed, that all factor loadings are meaningful and support the indicators and components well. The results of the study showed a correlation matrix of viability, the viability of the highest correlation between the size of the urban environment and urban infrastructure facilities, and a correlation coefficient of 0. 81. It can also be concluded that the correlation coefficient between the components is of a high significance level of 0. 000.

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Writer: 

TAHER TOLOU DEL MOHAMMAD SADEGH | ZARGHAMI ESMAEIL | heydaripour omid | Kamali Tabrizi Sina

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2022
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    56
  • Start Page: 

    87
  • End Page: 

    108
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    47
  • Downloads: 

    83
Abstract: 

Housing satisfaction can be considered as one of the most important and complex issues in the field of housing that has a variety of components. This concept is also divided into different dimensions by different researchers as one of the most important subjective aspects of quality of life. Physical factors of housing are one of the constituents of residents' quality of life and residential satisfaction. One of the most prominent features of physical factors is the dimensions and sizes of residential units, which due to the increase in housing density and consequently the reduction of residential infrastructure under consideration. Another manifestation of satisfaction with residence is the desire to stay longer, which has been one of the key determinants of satisfaction in various studies. Accordingly, based on the literature on the subject, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of dimensions of contemporary housing interiors on residents 'satisfaction and consequently residents' residence. The main approach of quantitative research is surveying in three sections, dimensions of housing spaces, residential satisfaction and desire to stay more with the statistical population of contemporary dwellers. Contemporary Housing Pattern Under the survey, the most common housing pattern in large cities, namely conventional residential housing with a limited number of units, is below 10 units in Isfahan. The control variables of the study are housing type and length of stay; That said, the type of housing is intended to be a 10-unit apartment and a residence of more than one year. According to Clinger's sample size, 250 variables were considered as 5 variables. Finally, the final sample size was 270. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Crombach's alpha technique and content validity based on expert opinion. Finally, based on the conceptual model defined throughout the research background, the structural model between dimensions of indoor spaces, residential satisfaction and desire for residence was further elucidated and the relationships were evaluated based on the results of the survey, based on the software.

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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID