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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    172
  • End Page: 

    177
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    4093
  • Downloads: 

    7415
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Difficulty in learning among younger students has perhaps become the greatest challenge for the present schooling framework. As they do not meet all requirements for criteria of formative incapacity, they are regularly neglected. Upgrading self-regulation aptitudes in students with learning difficulties enables the capacity to comprehend and control their learning cycle. Method: The current investigation was a semi-experimental research with a pre-test, post-test control group design. The study was comprised of 100 school students from New Delhi, India, whose ages ranged between 6-12 years studying in 3rd-8th grade, showing low scholarly accomplishment for ceaseless two years alongside behavioral issues. Students in the experimental group participated in the Program for Enhancing Academic and Behavioral Learning Skills (PEABLS), a cognitive-behavioral intervention, while the control group attended psychoeducation sessions. Both groups were compared using t-test and ANOVA. The relationship between academic, cognitive, and behavioral measures was assessed using Pearson’ s correlation coefficient. Results: Findings indicated that PEABLS significantly impacted cognitive skills and self-regulation, consequently improving academic performance among the experimental group (p< 0. 01). Conclusion: The study concluded that attending PEABLS sessions enhanced the level of self-regulation, academic performance, and cognitive skills among school students with learning problems.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    178
  • End Page: 

    184
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    4251
  • Downloads: 

    5014
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Individuals with alexithymia are under the pressure of correlated physio-emotional stress that would not come out as speech. These problems prevent emotion regulation and make people incompatible in life. Method: The purpose of this study was examining the effectiveness of music therapy on reducing symptoms of alexithymia and enhancing peer relationships. The method was quasi-experimental with two experimental and control groups. Through multi-stage sampling, one hundred and eighty girls were screened for alexithymia’ s symptoms. Thirty of the 57 identified children, were selected randomly and assigned into control (n=15) and experimental (n=15) groups (mean 11. 8 Years old) randomly in Isfahan, Iran. The instruments were the Rieffe’ s Alexithymia Questionnaire for children and Sociometry for evaluating peer relationships. The music therapy was nine sessions which was done for the experimental group. Data was analysed with the repeated measure ANCOVA. Results: The results indicated that music therapy had a significant positive effect on reducing alexithymia in the experiment group (ES =-0. 34, (OP =-0. 92), while there was no significant change in the control group (p >0. 05). The results stayed stable after two months follow-up. Although the results showed peer relationships, the helper dimension improved; other peer relationships, the popularity, and rejection, were not influenced significantly. Conclusion: In conclusion, music therapy positively affects reducing alexithymia symptoms of female preadolescents. Thus, using music therapy for reducing alexithymia symptoms is suggested.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    185
  • End Page: 

    190
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    4497
  • Downloads: 

    5358
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Wisdom is a desired master virtue and a lot can be learnt from the qualities and personality traits of wise individuals. Philosophers and psychologists have attempted to understand the qualities that make an individual wise because wisdom entails a life of personal growth and maturity. Keeping the benefits of wisdom in mind, the present study investigated various virtues and personality traits that characterize it. Method: Wisdom was studied in relationship with Big Five Personality Traits (extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, neuroticism, conscientiousness) and Virtues (wisdom and knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, transcendence) among a sample of 360 Indian adults in the age range of 18-75 years. Pearson’ s product moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted with wisdom as the criterion variable. Cross-sectional predictors of wisdom were also found across the three age groups i. e. young adults, middle aged adults, and older adults. Results: Results revealed that humanity, transcendence, extraversion and wisdom and knowledge virtues account for 29% variance in wisdom in the total sample. The virtues of wisdom and knowledge and openness personality trait emerged to be the most significant predictors of wisdom in young adults (n=120) and accounted for 17% variance. Middle-aged adults (n=120) reflected transcendence, temperance and humanity virtues as significant predictors of wisdom accounting for 41% variance. The older adult group displayed transcendence as the only significant predictor of wisdom accounting for 5% variance. Conclusion: The present study indicates that in order to develop wisdom, one needs to inculcate healthier personality traits of openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, humility, forgiveness, ego transcendence, gratitude, hope, playfulness, humor, kindness, curiosity, judgment and perspective-taking abilities.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    191
  • End Page: 

    198
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    3988
  • Downloads: 

    6918
Abstract: 

Introduction: This study aims to investigate the couples' interaction patterns at three stages of family life cycle including couples without children, childbearing families and families with adolescent children. Method: This study is a qualitative research with a phenomenology method. Using purposive sampling, 28 couples were selected from Yazd (20-50 year old couples). The required data was collected through designed scenarios using in-depth semi-structured interview and the Marital Adjustment Test. To analyze the data, the seven-stage Colaizzi model was imitated. Results: Totally, 12 components of negative interaction patterns were identified including defensiveness, criticism, anger, gender rules, belligerence, family contempt, contempt, domineering, tense humor, contempt for her/himself, sadness and retreat. Positive interaction codes included cautious behavior, interest in the relation, validation, affection, humor, surprise, self-disclosure, seeing themselves as a unit, sense of humor, emotion management, and normalization. The findings indicate significant differences in the amount of usage, form, purpose and verbal manifestation of these components in each of the stages. Conclusion: It can be stated that different life cycle stages have certain features that can make an impact on the couples' interaction patterns.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    199
  • End Page: 

    204
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    3877
  • Downloads: 

    7157
Abstract: 

Introduction: Cognitive factors are considered extremely important in stuttering. This study aims at examining the effectiveness of mind simulation on psychological symptoms and mental capabilities in adults who stutter. Method: This study was a quasi-experimental research, with two groups (experimental and control group), and it consisted of two pre-test and post-test stages. The research population was all 33 females from stuttering disorder that were clients of speech-therapy centers including in 2019. The final number of samples reached 30 individuals, who were selected by simple random sampling method and were divided into two control and experimental groups. The package of Stuttering Anxiety Questionnaire, Self-esteem Measurement, Self-concept Measurement and Social Communication Measurement were used. Multivariate covariance analysis and SPSS software were used to analyze the data. Results: In general, the findings indicated a significant difference between the data obtained from pre-and post-test average score of the two groups in terms of self-concept, self-esteem, social interactions and anxiety involved in the mind simulation process. Conclusion: The current mind simulation methods have a considerable impact on the psychological symptoms and mental capabilities of adults suffering from stuttering, which can be used as an effective method to improve stuttering.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    205
  • End Page: 

    210
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    4322
  • Downloads: 

    6995
Abstract: 

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating role of reasons for living in the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and suicidal tendency. Method: In this descriptive– correlation study, the population included all students of public universities in Bojnord city. For this purpose, 399 students were selected using stratified sampling method who answered to maladaptive schemes, suicide probability and reasons for living questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis by SPSS-22 software. Results: Findings indicate that the correlation between early maladaptive schemas and reasons for living with suicidal tendency were significant (P <0. 001). Also, the interaction of schemas of the first area and reasons for living created 0. 2% of the increased variance which is statistically insignificant (Δ R2=0. 002, p> 0. 05), and the interaction of schemas of the second area and reasons for living, created 1. 5% of the increased variance which is statistically significant (Δ R2=0. 015, p< 0. 001). Conclusion: The results showed the importance of reasons for living as the moderator of the relationship between early schemas and the suicidal tendency. Therefore, it is recommended to provide workshops for students to reduce the impact of early maladaptive schemas on the suicidal tendency.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    211
  • End Page: 

    216
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    3824
  • Downloads: 

    4502
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychological profile and quality of life in allergic patients and to identify the role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in this field. Method: The statistical population of this study consisted of all patients with allergic rhinitis who referred to the asthma and allergy clinic of Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad during summer to autumn, 2017. Among these patients, 132 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected using the Psychological Health Checklist, the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Short Form Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Results: The results of multivariate regression analysis showed that self-blame, other blame and rumination have a significant and positive relationship with symptoms of mental health disorders which can predict them significantly )p<0. 001(. Also, positive refocusing and planning have positive significant relationships with quality of life and can predict them significantly) p<0. 001(. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on mental health and quality of life in these patients. Findings draw the attention of therapists to the importance of applying psychological therapies and cognitive emotion regulation strategies training in the treatment process of allergic patients.

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Writer: 

Felix George

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    225
  • End Page: 

    231
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    4388
  • Downloads: 

    4974
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Several studies have highlighted the psychological consequences (anxiety, depression) of COVID-19 in India. However, the effect of personality on anxiety, mediated by coping, remains scarce. Method: For carrying out this study, 215 healthy, unmarried, educated Indian adults participated in an online form-based study comprising measures of personality (The Big Five Inventory-2-S), coping (Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations-21), and anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-6). Results: Analyses were done after controlling gender, age, work, and family status. Negative-emotionality and emotion-oriented coping were the highest predictors of anxiety. A contradictory finding showed conscientiousness to predict and increase anxiety upon using coping strategies. Emotion-oriented coping mediated the relationship between negative-emotionality and anxiety. Open-mindedness had an insignificant total effect on anxiety but reduced it when mediated by emotion-oriented coping. Additionally, higher anxiety was reported in those who watched one hour or more of pandemic news per day. Conclusion: Emotion-oriented coping was found to be an ineffective strategy to alleviate anxiety in those with higher trait neuroticism. The flexibility provided by trait openness facilitated effective use of emotion-oriented coping in reducing anxiety.

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Writer: 

FOOLADVAND KHADIJEH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    232
  • End Page: 

    238
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    3705
  • Downloads: 

    5603
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Although the Internet is a very important tool for new information in today’ s life, it is largely addictive. The present study aims to investigate the role of psychological disorders and emotion regulation strategies in predicting Internet addiction among students. Method: This descriptive-correlational study is performed on 254 students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, who are selected through multistage cluster sampling method. Participants respond to the Demographic Information Questionnaire, Young Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Derogatis & et al., Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Garnefski & Kraaij Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The obtained data are analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The results of correlation analysis show that there is a significant relationship between the symptoms of psychological disorders and emotion regulation strategies with internet addiction (p<0. 001). The results of multiple regression analysis indicate that the symptoms of psychological disorders and emotion regulation strategies significantly predict 39. 7% of the variance of Internet addiction (p<0. 001). Conclusion: Therefore, paying attention to the symptoms of psychological disorders and difficulty in regulating emotion in preventive and therapeutic program can be effective in reducing pathological use of the Internet.

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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID