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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    1
  • End Page: 

    11
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    210
  • Downloads: 

    81
Abstract: 

In order to investigate the effects of water deficit stress on grain yield and some traits three sunflower cultivars, have been used based on randomized complete block design using a split plot experiment at Agricultural Research Station of Azad University of Tabriz in 2007. Five levels of water deficit (50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 mm evaporation from evaporation pan, class A) were assigned as main-plot and three levele of cultivars (Armavirsky, Allstar and Euroflour) were used as sub-plot in present work. Results indicated that grain yield were reduced to 4865 to 2122, kg.ha-1 when plots were irrigated after 50 to 250 mm evaporation from the pan class A. Among cultivars studied 'Armavirsky' produced higher yield than 'Allstar' but it did not show significant difference from 'Euroflour'. Increasing water deficit stress decreased seed yield, oil yield, oil percentage, 100 grain weight, achene hull weight, kernel weight and increased number of unfilled seed.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    12
  • End Page: 

    21
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    145
  • Downloads: 

    71
Abstract: 

To study yield, yield component and some morphological traits in cotton, six parents with 15 hybrids (totally 21 genotypes) were evaluated using a randomized complete block design with three replications at a salty farm Bandar Torkaman area in 2005. Nine traits were measured including the percentage of germination, plant height, number of monopodial branches, length of monopodial branches, number of sympodial branches, length of sympodial branches, boll number, boll weight and yield. Analysis of variance and mean comparison show highly significant differences among the genotypes for the traits, such as plant height, length of monopodial branches, boll number, boll weight and yield. Also results showed that a positive and significant simple correlation between yield and germination, plant height, number and length of sympodial branches and boll number but non significant for number and length of monopodial branches and boll weight.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    22
  • End Page: 

    42
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    132
  • Downloads: 

    85
Abstract: 

In order to study effect of drought stress on morphologic traits, yield and yield components of 28 new hybrids of corn to heat and drought stress in addition 6 commercial hybrid (as control), an experiment was carried out on based of complete randomized block design with three replication under normal irrigation and drought stress in Khorasan Razavi Agricultural Research and Natural Resources Institute Mashhad, Iran on 2010. Results of analysis of variance showed that in both condition there are significant different between all hybrids for all traits. Results of hybrid means comparison with Duncan’s multiple range test showed that in normal irrigation condition S.C500 hybrid and in stress condition N.11 hybrid was better than others in yield trait (13.79 and 5.69 respectively). Genetic correlation between traits under stress condition showed that number of kernel in row was the highest correlation with yield and in normal irrigation ear diameter was higher than other traits correlated. The results showed that under no stress conditions, hybrids with the mean number of ear per plants that have more thick ear, heavier and more kernel per row and the same time have a lower percentage of wood, will be higher in total yield. Generally, according to results of path analysis, review and compare traits affecting grain yield in two environments can be concluded that plant traits in maize, kernel weight per ear, ear weight and percentage of kernel, deficit quickly affected and determining the limitations of plant production. Breeding for these traits can be obstacles on the path taken from the performance and the ultimate goal of increasing performance in low-Irrigation conditions.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    43
  • End Page: 

    54
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    177
  • Downloads: 

    75
Abstract: 

In three-line system, cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) lines often were contaminated with cognate iso-nuclear maintainer lines during seeds multiplication processes. Therefore fingerprinting of breeding lines and identification of line-specific markers are prerequisite in genetic purity test. Six CMS lines including Neda-A, Nemat-A, Dasht-A, Amol 3-A, Champa-A, IR58025A and their iso-nuclear maintainers were used in this study. Twenty-five random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers used for screening CMS lines and maintainer lines. The result indicated that the iso-gene lines had similar band patterns in most marker loci due to similar genetic background that present between CMS lines and co-maintainer lines. However two specific bands, 950 bp and 850 bp were produced by OPH20 and OPH01 primers that could uniquely recognize the CMS lines from their cognate maintainer lines, respectively. The genetic nature of OPH20-950 band was determinated by isolation of fragment from gel, clone to Escherichia coli bacteria via T/A cloning system, and was sequenced. A BLAST search of OPH20-950 sequence with GenBank indicated 95% homology to a rice mitochondrial DNA. These line-specific fragments could be used as a specific feature (scare marker) for characterization and genetic purity test of WA CMS lines.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    55
  • End Page: 

    68
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    223
  • Downloads: 

    71
Abstract: 

In order to determine the best index for evaluating maize genotypes, 28 maize hybrids were evaluated in two planting dates, 6 July to coincide heat stress with pollination time and 27 July as normal planting to avoid high temperature during pollination and grain filling period, using a randomized complete block design with three replications, in Shushtar city, in 2008. Results showed that in stepwise regression analysis for heat stress condition, grain dry matter weight and grain depth traits were entered in model but, for normal condition, nothing trait werenot entered in model. Factor analysis, for heat stress and normal conditions indentified three and five independent factors which explained 73.59 and 75.78 percent of all variations, respectively. In heat stress condition, first factor, named yield and yield components and in normal condition named ear morphology, explaining 43.78 and 18.96 percent of total variations, respectively. Second factor for heat stress and third factor for normal condition named grain characteristic, which explained 15.67 and 17.58 percent of total variations, respectively. Third factor in heat stress named ear morphology. Second factor, yield components, fourth factor grain width and grain dry matter weight and fifth factor grain yield named in normal condition. Based on the results, grain dry matter weight and grain depth under heat stress revealed as suitable traits which can discriminate maize genotypes.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    69
  • End Page: 

    84
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    171
  • Downloads: 

    80
Abstract: 

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual herbaceous plant belongs to Papilionaceae family and is important as a pharmaceutical, agronomic and pastural plant. In order to study the effect of trifluralin on ploidy induction and cytogenetic characteristics of cells in the root meristem of fenugreek some seeds of this species were planted in the incubator and after germination root tips were used for karyotypic studies. For treating the seeds trifluralin liquid 48% were applied at 7.5, 15 and 22.5 mM concentrations for 12 and 24 h. The Video Analysis System was used for karyotype analysis. The basic chromosome number was X=8. The results showed that concentration of trifluralin, treatment duration and interaction between them on the ploidy induction were statistically significant. The maximum ploidy induction was happened by immersion seedlings in 22.5 mM trifluralin at 24 h. The result of analysis of variance based on completely randomized design (CRD) showed a significant difference among the karyotypes for all chromosomal traits (P<%1). Trifluralin affected severity on the length of chromosomes and karyotypic formula so that the longest chromosomes belonged to the karyotype control sample and the shortest chromosomes were observed after treating with trifluralin. After applying treatment was reduced the percentage of submetacentric chromosomes and were added to the percentage of metacentric chromosomes.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Start Page: 

    85
  • End Page: 

    95
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    202
  • Downloads: 

    102
Abstract: 

In order to evaluate the interaction of rice genotypes to salinity stress, responses of 16 rice genotypes were assessed to 4 salinity levels (0, 4, 8, 12, dS/m) through a split plot experiment seedling stage in hydroponic culture. In this experiment characters such as plant height, leaf area, root length stem length, dry weight of root and stem, dry weight of leaf and total biomass were measured. All the characters in reaction to salinity showed significant. And correlation coefficient of seedling stage had all the characters positive and significant differences. At seedling stage, total biomass proved to be the trait of choice for assessing the tolerance among cultivars as well as treatments. Total biomass of the PSBRC88 variety was decreased about 42% compared to control. Whereas this decrease for Shafagh was 26%. Also Nemat A/19R had the most decrease compared to control (81%). The decrease of stem dry weight of PSBRC88 variety at 12 dS/m salt level was less than other varieties with comparison to control (about 23%). The most decrease in stem dry weight of was for IR60819R/IR58025A by 86% relative to control. The decrease of leaf area in Gerdeh variety was less than other varieties with comparison to control (about 61%).

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