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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
اسکوپوس
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
ریسرچگیت
strs
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    7-22
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    1
  • Views: 

    1079
  • Downloads: 

    270
Abstract: 

Statement of Problem: gender inequality is noticeable in the realm of science which causes the marginal position of women in this field. History of women shows that in many cases, women were less important than men or has been ignored. Evidence indicate that the status of women in Iran, at different levels of higher education, like the other countries despite the increasing number of women in universities, the number of women in M.A/M.S and Ph.D. is confronted with a significant decrease. This matter is also true about the number of women faculty members, Institute of Higher Education statistics show that among 79617 persons (65/22 percent), full-time faculty members and visiting lecturers of universities and institutions of higher education, only 18.25 percent allocated to women and 81.75 to men.The main aim of this study was the investigation of promotional status of faculty members of Islamic Azad University. This study aims to examine the sociological survey of women faculty members of Central Tehran Branch and pay attention to their problems and barriers. Method: This is a descriptive (correlation) study, including all female professors in Azad University, Central Tehran Branch. The sample size was 300 women who were selected thru simple random sampling. Data was collected based on background information questionnaire and tests (30 questions) was conducted. The analysis' of the data is carried out at descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation test.findings: findings show that direct positive relation exists between scientific improvement of women faculty members with the socio-economic status (ratio 03/0), organizational structure (ratio 02/0), interested in teaching (coefficient 029/0), familiarity with regulations and circulars Research (ratio 031/0), the amount of familiarity with the Internet and virtual spaces (ratio 0 19/0), the amount of familiarity with foreign languages (ratio 024/0), educational and empirical features (024/0), and demographic-social characteristics (coefficient 00 /0 percent). Results: According to the findings, the status of women in, universities or in other social positions, while the problematic position, would. Improve every day. Women's awareness about their situation is rising. Therefore, it appears that rather than insistence on extreme ideas about gender, if s better that women take place in decision making and policy processes and cultural attitudes more than focusing upon gender. Individuals, whether male or female, lack of gender attitude, consider as human with dignity, rights and obligations, this matter requires that focusing on gender ignored in the university and organizational structure, so instead of giving priority to a particular gender, pay attention to their abilities and merits of individuals for management and executive positions.

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Author(s): 

MOHSENI R.A.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    23-42
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    14015
  • Downloads: 

    2263
Abstract: 

Sometimes, the city has not a good function. Some problems appear along by urban development. These problems consisted of economic, cultural, political, social and anatomical inadequacy. The urban issues and damages are created due to lack of balance between urban facilities and urban population and they are intensified due to their weak relation with development and lack of modern urban management. The main goal of this research is detection of urban problems and pathos in Iran and determination of its priority concerning importance and sensitiveness which is performed in the city of Gorgan as case study. The research is descriptive type and is performed by survey study. The statistical population of the research includes three groups of institutions managers, elites and citizens. The population of research sample was 381 persons who were gained by the methods non-probably sampling (purposed) and non-probably (Quota) for elites and citizens. The results of this research indicates that; poverty, unemployment, false occupations, immigration, beggarliness and housing are among the most important urban economic damages; and addiction, marginal settlements, divorce, street children, robbery, street harassment, vandalism, murder, citizenship rights violation, violence and public security are among important urban social damages; and fashion pursuing, bad dressing, tribalism, cultural conflicts and educational abnormality were among important cultural damages; and at last, traffic, pollution and convenient situation of pathways and asphalts were among most important physical issues and problems of the city. Also issues like unemployment, addiction, fashion pursuing and inconvenient situation of asphalts and urban pathways are the first priority of economic, social, cultural and physical problems of the city.

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Author(s): 

ROYAEI R.A. | MEHRDOUST H.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    43-59
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    2
  • Views: 

    2227
  • Downloads: 

    506
Abstract: 

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) consider as an important and noticeable subject in the recently years and it is the fundamental factor for survival of each organization. Higher and distinguished organizations as a responsible corporation for making clear and response to their beneficiaries instead of their function, must do their commitments to social responsibility by their values and make sure that these commitments are executed in all over the corporate, so the social responsibility will has a bilateral benefits in a way that either the corporate benefits of more moral and disciplined approach or also society and beneficiaries will have a better idea and understanding of the organization's function and strength points. This research that has done in order to making clear of the cultural manager's role for improving social responsibility, in the mean while emphasizing of concept and importance of social responsibility in organizations, has considered manager's role in four economic, moral, social and environmental dimensions in order to improve social responsibility. It notices to managers planning to improve corporations' goals by describing achievement of components and elements of social responsibility in an analytic model. By attention to main question in this research that how cultural managers can make possible to achieve social responsibility, one main hypothesis and four minor hypotheses are made. Statistical society of this research included the single post managers in Tehran broadcasting and data was collected through questionnaires distributed between samples and after gathering data, the information were analyzed by SPSS software, and the hypotheses were examined. In conclusion it was clear that the cultural managers have an effective role in promoting of society responsibility and also there is a strong relationship between cultural managers' role in economical, moral, social and environmental goals with improvement of social responsibility.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    61-91
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    2
  • Views: 

    2125
  • Downloads: 

    491
Abstract: 

The goal of the present research is to consider the rate of the students' religious obligation in Islamic Azad University Garmsar Branch. To identify Theoretical framework, the religion functional theory taken from Daniel Betts' theory, peter Burger's theory and other functional theorists such as Marx and Weber's theories have been used. This is a documentary-survey research and a questionnaire is used to collect data. To analyze data, statistic tests, F and ANOVAs and chi- square have been used. The independent variables are sex, scientific group; the rate of parent's obligation, socio-economic status. The dependent variables are the rate of the student's religious obligation. The research sample is 250 persons that gain from Cochran formula. The main conclusions show that: the meaningful relation exist between the student's sex, socio-economic status, the rate of parent's obligation and the rate of value to religious ceremony with the student's religious obligation.

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Author(s): 

SHIRI T. | BIDARIAN S.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    93-107
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    6
  • Views: 

    3364
  • Downloads: 

    1093
Abstract: 

The matter of controlling the births and/or preventing unwanted pregnancies depends mainly on people's level of information. Premature marriages are one of the factors contributing to the increasing of population. The population growth rate in Iran is in average about 3% of increasing of population. Also this rate is different in cities and villages. Where the information of people on contraceptive devices is high and public institutes such as health centers and so on provide the interested people with various information and devices, the birth rate is lower than where people do not have much information on such issues. The purpose of this study is to explain the influence of economic-demographical factors on the fertility of 15-49 year old women working at education department, district 22. According to the theories of the thinkers who have studied on and theorized in the field of fertility and the factors influencing on that, it gets clear that fertility in Iran is affected by different factors. Findings of this research indicates that education, the number of children, age of husband, and age at the first pregnancy influence on fertility and that factors including age, income, familiarity with contraceptive devices, the intervals between fertilities, and the expenses of children leisure time do not affect the fertility. These findings enumerate the less and no attention toward social, value related, and cultural conditions dominating on the society atmosphere, and also the economic obstacles against fertility as the effective factors affecting fertility.

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Author(s): 

PIRAHARI N.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    109-131
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    5
  • Views: 

    4386
  • Downloads: 

    3848
Abstract: 

In recent years we have witnessed the entrance of "social capital" in the discourse of sociology, social science, economic and political science. Focus on social capital has been due to the role that this term plays in producing and increasing economic and human capital. For this reason, today in examining and compiling the social indexes of development by credible world organizations, social capital has attained a particular place. Taking into consideration such significance, this article tries to treat the new opinions about the social capital.

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Author(s): 

VOSOUGHI MANSOUR | ARAM H.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    133-153
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    8
  • Views: 

    1582
  • Downloads: 

    413
Abstract: 

Present research examines the social trust and factors affecting it in khalkhal city. Dependent variable, in this study, is social trust (interpersonal trust and institutional trust) which is measured by some aspects like sincerity and confidence. The independent variables consist of security feeling, satisfaction from life, common values, economic-social status, age and gender.In order to endow the study on khalkhal city, 260 persons from individuals over 16 years old resident on khalkhal city both men and women were selected through cluster sampling method with unsuitable volume. This research has accomplished at survey method and data was collected thru questionnaire, the analysis of the data is carried out at descriptive and inferential statistics levels.Results show that the significant relations exist between variables like age, security feeling, satisfaction from life, common values with the degree of social trust. No significant relationship was found between socio-economic status and social trust, also there was no significant difference between two groups of gender with social trust.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    155-182
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    4
  • Views: 

    1756
  • Downloads: 

    659
Abstract: 

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of social components on societal security in Sanandaj city. Qualitative (depth interview) and quantitative (self-administered questionnaire) methods have' been utilized for data gathering. The population of this study was all youth’s over.i8 years old residing in Sanandaj, sample size for qualitative method based on theoretical sampling was 60 people and for quantitative method was 382 that for more confidence were increased to 400 people. Sampling method was multi-stage cluster sampling. A combination of Copenhagen school and Mitar’s theory has been used for theoretical framework. The results show that the correlation between social norms and societal security was in average and direct (0.456), for marginal inhabitants women expressed that street bothering was the major factor of security threatening. The significant relationship exists between gender and street bothering at % 99 levels. Components in social domain have a negative effect on social security for the second group of marginal inhabitants (contrabandists). Women in marginal areas expressed that social component were the major threatening sources of their security but for men (good contrabandists) of this area the threatening source was economical rather than social. Home and shop stealing was the major source of threatening for the first group of central inhabitants (businessmen). 40 percent of respondents expressed that they have a great fear if they leave their home for a long time. For formal and cultural group (second group of central area) the major threatening factor was in other domains (economical, cultural, etc) rather than social domain.The results of logistic regression analysis show that, in general, social components have a great effect on social security. Basing on logistic analysis, social crimes, gender, family size, education, law function, and social norms had profound effects on social security respectively and they have classified respondents about 82.5 percent correctly.

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