Identification of environmental factors and spatial crime and try to eliminate or reduce the impact of these factors, the most important strategies to enhance safety and prevention of disorders known, The social disorder in any way that a man could have, within the context of spatial and temporal characteristics that distinguish these behaviors from each other. As one of the largest areas of District 2 of Tehran Municipality, Tehran has a host of problems such as rapid population growth, physical expansion of the city, heterogeneity and lack of social cohesion, such as rural areas with old texture Darake, Evin, Tarasht, Farahzad and urban areas Islamabad, Islamabad southern and eastern Javydabad. According to studies done on drug-related crimes, most crimes committed in the area of Tehran is the second highest among the 22 districts of Tehran Municipality has. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyze the spatial conditions - physical influence on drug-related crimes in District 2 of Tehran municipality. Residential land uses were evaluated in District 2 of Tehran, green space, and other commercial and office utilities, transportation and warehousing had the highest percentage of drug-related crimes, And on the other hand, respectively, residential land, landscaping, utilities and most of the land area of District 2 of Tehran municipality. Hence it can be concluded that the type and use of urban land in the establishment of the conditions and crime is affecting the other hand, some other spatial features are barrier deterrent offender. Therefore, considering the high proportion of residential land adjacent to green space and impact of crime in the land of the rising crime rate, the hypothesis was based on the effects of land use and geographic distribution of land use in the formation of spatial patterns of delinquency and crime rates and drug-related crime in District 2 of Tehran is confirmed.