Introduction: Implicit cognitions, especially attentional bias for drug-related stimuli (DA), have been shown to play an important role in sustaining of, progression of, and relapsing to substance abuse behaviors. The present research tested the feasibility of attentional retraining with Drug Attention Control Training Program (DACTP) . Method: Participants were a sample of in-treatment, detoxified durg abusers (N=87), who were randomly divided into a group of controls and a group of trainees; the latter group received three sessions of training with the DACTP. At pre-test, post-test and the first, one month follow-up, participants completed a demographic questionnaire, a drug temptation questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Situational Confidence Questionnaire (SCQ), Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RTCQ), Personal Concerns Inventory (PCI) and classic and drug-related Stroop tests. Also participants' saliva was recorded while they were exposed to dug and neutral stimuli. A brief telephone, six-month follow up (second follow-up) was also conducted to monitor the participants' temptation, SCQ, RTCQ, PANAS, PSS, dose of their medicine intake, and their number of relapses and lapses since the post-test. Findings: The results showed that, compared with the no-training condition, training with the DACTP lead to significant reductions: (a) in DA and PSS at post-test and the first fallow up; (b) in temptation and negative affect at post-test and the second fallow-up; (c) in the doses of medicine at the second follow-up; and (d) in the number of relapses at the first and the second follow ups. Moreover, the reductions were accompanied by increases in SCQ' s social problem at work and positive social situations which were observed at post test and the six- month fallow up. Conclusion. DACTP can be used as a complementary intervention in the treatment of drus abuse.