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Paper Information

Title: 

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF FATAL PESTICIDE POISONING REFERED TO FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY LABORATORY OF LEGAL MEDICINE ORGANIZATION (LMO) OF IRAN DURING 2002-2004

Type: SPEECH
Author(s): SOLTANINEZHAD K.,SARDARI F.,FARYADI M.,AKHGARI M.,JAVIDANNEJAD A.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF TOXICOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY
Date:  2004Volume 8
 
 
Abstract: 

Background: Acute pesticide poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Iran and worldwide. Determination of inducing factors in pesticide poisoning is very important parameter for designing of preventive and controlling programs. The aim of present study is assessing of effects of epidemiological variables on fatal pesticide poisoning.
Methods: The present study was a retrospective, descriptive-analytical survey. Data collected from clinical files of decedents whom referred to LMO for forensic toxicological analysis from April 2002 until March 2004. The variables such as age, sex, location, educational level, type of pesticide and cause of poisoning were reviewed and data processing was carried out by PC with SPSS software.
Results: From total of 3885 cases which referred for pesticide toxicology analysis in forensic toxicology laboratory, 51 (1.31%) cases related to fatal poisoning by pesticides. The age of decedents was 31.82
±17.02 years old. 63.3% of cases were male and 36.7% of them were female. The majority of decedents (25%) were housekeeper and 19.4% were student. 66.7% of decedents were lived in urban and 33.3% were lived in rural area. The most common cause of poisoning was suicide (52.9%). 35.9% of cases had primary education. The common type of pesticide in this study was phosphides (35.8%) and organophosphates (33.3%).
Conclusion: According to these results we conclude that social, economical and educational problems are very important factors in pesticides fatal poisoning. According to fatal induced poisoning by phosphides, the substitution of these pesticides with safer agents is necessary.

 
Keyword(s): PESTICIDES, FORENSIC, EPIDEMIOLOGY
 
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