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Paper Information

Title: 

EVALUATION OF AFLATOXINS CONTAMINATION IN BABY FOOD SUPLEMENT (MAMANA & GHONCHEH) BY THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY SCANNER

Type: SPEECH
Author(s): NAZAR Z.,KALANTARI H.A.,KALANTARI GH.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF TOXICOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY
Date:  2004Volume 8
 
 
Abstract: 

One of the most important sources of human nutrition is cereals such as rice, wheat, corn and barley. Baby food supplement contains mostly cereals. If these products improperly prepared, they may get contaminated with various aflatoxins such as AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2. Mycotoxins are the secondary metabolites which are naturally produced by various fungi. Aflatoxins are a group of fungal metabolites mainly produced by Aspergillus Flavus. The carcinogenic effect of aflatoxin is well recognized. The aim of this investigation was to determine the aflatoxins contamination of baby food supplements such as Mamana and Ghoncheh, which are widely used in Iran market. In this study 14 samples of Mamana and 15 samples of Ghoncheh were investigated for aflatoxin B1, B2, G1. According to the CB method, extraction was carried out and then quantitatively and qualitatively by TLC-Scanner aflatoxin B1, B2 and G1 were identified and measured. The results of this study showed that 2 of 15 samples of Mamana and 2of 14 samples of Ghoncheh were contaminated with aflatoxin B1 and B2 (<2ppb).
With regards to W.H.O reports, these amounts of contamination are below the maximum level permitted and could be considered safe, but as they are used in baby food supplements, it is worthy to consider their safety. If these products are not properly prepared, transported or stored they may get contaminated and will be dangerous.

 
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