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Paper Information

Title: 

DETERMINING OF TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF WASTE TO ENERGY POWER PLANT TO CONSTRUCTION IN TEHRAN

Type: PAPER
Author(s): MOKARIZADEH VAHAB*
 
 *ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL CENTER, NIROO RESEARCH INSTITUTE TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Name of Seminar: INTERNATIONAL POWER SYSTEM CONFRENCE
Type of Seminar:  CONFERENCE
Sponsor:  SHERKATE TAVANIR
Date:  2004Volume 19
 
 
Abstract: 

IN THE WORLD, SMALL SCALE INCINERATORS ARE THE MAIN UNITS USED TO DISPOSE OF HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATED IN HOSPITALS, INDUSTRIALS AND THE OTHER SITES. DESIGNING THE THESE TYPE INCINERATORS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE BECAUSE OF HAZARDOUS NATURE OF WASTES AND ALSO INSTALLATION LOCATION WHERE IS INSTALLED ON-SITE IN MENTIONED LOCATIONS. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS RESEARCH IS TO DESIGN A SMALL SCALE WASTE INCINERATOR TO MEET THEIR REQUIREMENTS.
THE WORKING PRINCIPAL OF THE DESIGNED INCINERATOR IS A CONTROLLED-AIR INCINERATOR WHERE THE COMBUSTION IS DIVIDED IN TWO PARTS. THE FIRST PART IS AN INTAKE PRIMARY CHAMBER WHERE THE WASTE IS FEED IN AND THE COMBUSTION AIR IS CONTROLLED AT SUB-STOICHIOMETRIC CONDITIONS. THE GAS AND THE VOLATILE MATTER THEN, WILL BE RE-BURNED IN THE SECONDARY COMBUSTION CHAMBER WITH EXCESS-AIR FOR COMPLETED COMBUSTION, BEFORE GOING THROUGH THE STACK. THE DESIGN CRITERIA MUST ALSO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT OF THE REAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WASTE. THE DESIGN INCLUDES THE CALCULATION OF MASS BALANCE, HEAT BALANCE, THE CAPACITY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CHAMBERS, HEAT EXCHANGER, SCRUBBER MIST ELIMINATORS AND FD&ID FANS. THE INCINERATOR IS DESIGNED TO BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE AUTOMATIC FEEDER MACHINE AND THE AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT. THE RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH CAN BE USED TO BUILD A PILOT HOSPITAL WASTE INCINERATOR FOR PERFORMANCE TESTING.

 
Keyword(s): WASTE TO ENERGY PILOTPLANTS, CONTROLLED AIR INCINERATOR, INCINERATOR DESIGN
 
 
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