Paper Information

Title: 

THE ROLE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY ON ENERGY STORAGE AND TRANSFERRING IMPROVEMENT

Type: PAPER
Author(s): HOOR MEHRNOOSH*,RAYIATPOUR MAASOOMEH,DALIRIAN SOHEILA
 
 *NIROO RESEARCH INSTITUTE, CHEMISTRY AND MATERIAL CENTER
 
Name of Seminar: INTERNATIONAL POWER SYSTEM CONFRENCE
Type of Seminar:  CONFERENCE
Sponsor:  SHERKATE TAVANIR
Date:  2004Volume 19
 
 
Abstract: 

NANOTECHNOLOGY IS CAPABILITY OF PRODUCING MATERIALS AND DEVICES IN NANOMETER SCALE IN THE RANGE OF 10-9-10-7 M.
THIS TECHNOLOGY CAN GIVE A SUCCESSFUL OPPORTUNITY FOR SYNTHESIS OF COMPOUNDS IN NANOMETER SCALE. CONSIDERING THE IMPORTANCE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY, IT CAN PLAY THE MAIN ROLE FOR INDUSTRIAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IN MOST COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD.
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS INCLUDE MANY FIELDS SUCH AS BIOTECHNOLOGY, ELECTRONIC, COMPUTER, TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, ENERGY, ELECTRIC INDUSTRY, MATERIAL ENGINEERING, FOOD INDUSTRY, MILITARY AND ETC. NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN ALSO CONTRIBUTE TO IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY SAVING AND TRANSFERRING WITH REGARD TO USING SPECIAL MATERIALS AND HAS A SIGNIFICANT ROLE. THE RELEVANT TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS INCLUDE SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS, FUEL CELLS, ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS SUCH AS HYDROGEN STORAGE AND ETC.
IT’S APPROVED THAT THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR CELLS AND FUEL CELLS COMPONENTS WILL BE IMPROVED BY USE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY. THE POTENTIAL USE OF CARBON NANOTUBES AS GAS SORBENTS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE IS WELL KNOWN BECAUSE OF THEIR ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES AND HIGH SENSITIVITY TO SURFACE DEFECTS. THE USE OF NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS IN GAS TURBINE CATALYSTS, PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE FOR DECREASING ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION RESULTED FROM EXHAUST GAS FROM POWER PLANT CHIMNEY. IN THIS PAPER THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY ROLE ON SAVING AND TRANSFERRING ENERGY WITH BRIEF EXPLANATION OF APPLICATION’S FIELDS AND MATERIAL CHOICES FOR EACH OF THEM WILL BE PRESENTED INDIVIDUALLY.

 
Keyword(s): NANOTECHNOLOGY, APPLICATIONS, ENERGY STORAGE AND TRANSFERRING
 
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