Paper Information

Title: 

ADDRESSING THE EPIDEMIC OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES BURDEN: BEST PRACTICES FROM EMRO

Type: SPEECH
Author(s): SAADE GEARGE*
 
 *مدیر اجرایی بنیاد نیجریه قلب
 
Name of Seminar: 2ND NATIONAL AND 1ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR BEST PRACTICES OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
Type of Seminar:  CONFERENCE
Sponsor:  NORTH KHORASAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
Date:  2012Volume 2
 
 
Abstract: 

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD) IS A MAJOR HEALTH PROBLEM ACROSS THE WORLD, ACCOUNTING FOR 30% OF ALL DEATHS. OF THE 58 MILLION DEATHS FROM ALL CAUSES WORLDWIDE IN 2005, AN ESTIMATED 17.5 MILLION WERE DUE TO CVD, 3 TIMES MORE DEATHS THAN ARE CAUSED BY INFECTIOUS DISEASES INCLUDING HIV/AIDS, TUBERCULOSIS, AND MALARIA COMBINED. IT IS ESTIMATED THAT NO COMMUNICABLE CONDITIONS WILL ACCOUNT FOR MORE THAN THREE-FOURTHS OF ALL DEATHS IN 2030, AND DEATHS FROM CVD WILL RISE TO 23.4 MILLION, AN APPROXIMATELY 37% INCREASE FROM 2004 RATES. FURTHERMORE, THE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE WORLD IN 2030 ARE PREDICTED TO BE ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE (IHD) AND CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE (STROKE), BOTH COMPONENTS OF CVD. THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) NOTED THAT CVD HAS NO GEOGRAPHIC, SOCIOECONOMIC, OR SEX BOUNDARIES. IT IS ESTIMATED THAT, FAR FROM BEING CONFINED TO THE MOST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, CVD IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AS WELL. LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES CONTRIBUTE TO ABOUT 80% OF CVD DEATHS. STROKE DEATHS IN LOW- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES WERE 5 TIMES MORE LIKELY THAN IN HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES. IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC GROUPS HAVE A HIGHER PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS, HIGHER INCIDENCE OF DISEASE, AND HIGHER MORTALITY. AS THE CVD EPIDEMIC MATURES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, THE GREATER DISEASE BURDEN WILL SHIFT TO LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC GROUPS. AMONG WOMEN ACROSS THE WORLD, HEART DISEASE IS THE ALSO THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF DEATH. THUS, CVD IS A GLOBAL HEALTH PROBLEM THAT DEMANDS A GLOBAL APPROACH TO PREVENTION. ITS IMPACT IS GREATEST IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BECAUSE OF SCARCITY OF BOTH FINANCIAL RESOURCES AND PROFESSIONALS WITH EXPERTISE IN PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF CVD. A GLOBAL ACTION FOR PREVENTION NEEDS TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN COUNTRIES AND REGIONS THE EPIDEMIOLOGIC TRANSITION-TO BE MOST EFFECTIVE.

 
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