Paper Information

Title: 

EVALUATION OF A COMBINATION CULTIVATOR FOR MECHANIZED CROP PRODUCTION IN WEEDS CONTROL

Type: PAPER
Author(s): BAKHTIARI M.R.,LOGHAVI M.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  ANKOMANE OLOME ALAFHAYE HARZE IRAN
Date:  2010Volume 3
 
 
Abstract: 

IN THE CONVENTIONAL METHODS OF HERBICIDES AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION, A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF TOXIC CHEMICALS IS SPRAYED OR BROADCASTED INTO THE FURROWS WHICH IS LATER WASHED AWAY BY IRRIGATION WATER AND MAY CONTAMINATE GROUND WATER, HUMAN AND ANIMAL ENVIRONMENT. IF HERBICIDE AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION COULD BE LIMITED TO THE MOST NEEDED PARTS OF THE FIELD, RATHER THAN OVERALL BROADCASTING, THE MENTIONED PROBLEMS COULD BE ALLEVIATED, AND THEIR APPLICATION EFFICIENCY COULD BE INCREASED BY REDUCING THE CONSUMPTION RATE. IN AN ATTEMPT TO ACCESS THIS GOAL, A COMBINATION CULTIVATOR CAPABLE OF PERFORMING CULTIVATION PRACTICES SUCH AS WEED CONTROL (MECHANICAL+CHEMICAL), FERTILIZER APPLICATION AND PEST CONTROL, SIMULTANEOUSLY, WAS DEVELOPED AND EVALUATED. THIS MACHINE WAS ABLE TO PERFORM BAND SPRAYING (FUNGICIDE, INSECTICIDE AND HERBICIDE) AND MECHANICAL CULTIVATION (WITHIN-THE-ROW WEED KILLING, FURROW REFORMING AND HILLING) SIMULTANEOUSLY AND PROPERLY. THE COMBINE CULTIVATOR WAS ABLE TO REDUCE HERBICIDE CONSUMPTION UP TO 66% AND UREA UP TO 16%. REDUCTION OF TRACTOR TRAFFIC, FUEL CONSUMPTION, TRACTOR AND EQUIPMENT WEAR AND SOIL COMPACTION AS WELL AS IMPROVEMENT OF QUALITY AN QUANTITY OF PERFORMANCE WITH MINIMIZING THE REQUIRED TIME AND ENERGY ARE THE OTHER POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF THIS MACHINE.

 
Keyword(s): EVALUATION, BAND SPRAYING, CULTIVATOR
 
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