Paper Information

Title: 

ECOLOGICAL SAFFRON WEED MANAGEMENT WITH APPLICATION OF MUSHROOM BED RESIDUE COMPOST

Type: PAPER
Author(s): HASAN JANPOUR JAVAD,GHORBANI REZA,KARIMPOUR HOSEIN
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  ANKOMANE OLOME ALAFHAYE HARZE IRAN
Date:  2010Volume 3
 
 
Abstract: 

THERE IS A GROWING CONCERN AND DEMAND FOR HEALTHY FOOD ON BEHALF OF BOTH POLICY MAKERS AND THE PUBLIC. ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS IN WHICH APPLICATION OF CHEMICAL PESTICIDES IS AT ITS LOWEST LEVEL HAVE BEEN UNDER INCREASING CONSIDERATION. THERE ARE VARIOUS REFERENCES SHOWING THAT APPLICATION OF BOTTOM MUSHROOM BED RESIDUE COMPOST BRING DIFFERENT BENEFITS SUCH AS WEED REDUCTION, WATER CAPACITY AND SOIL STRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS. IN ORDER TO STUDY THE EFFECT OF APPLICATION RATE OF MUSHROOM BED RESIDUE COMPOST ON DENSITY AND BIOMASS OF WEEDS IN SAFFRON, A FIELD EXPERIMENT BASED ON A RANDOMIZED BLOCK DESIGN WITH FOUR REPLICATIONS IS UNDER STUDY IN THE RESEARCH FIELD UNIT OF FERDOWSI UNIVERSITY OF MASHHAD. TREATMENTS INCLUDED 0, 15, 30, 45 AND 60 T/HA OF THE COMPOST. PRELIMINARY TRIALS SHOWED A SIGNIFICANT EFFECT OF COMPOST ON WEED POPULATION AND DENSITY. MAXIMUM WEED CONTROL WAS OBSERVED WITH APPLICATION OF 45 T/HA. APPLICATION OF 45 T/HA COMPOST WAS ABLE TO COMPLETELY CONTROL SOME ANNUAL WEEDS SUCH AS HORDEUM SPONTANEUM, DATUREA STRUMANIUM, HORDEUM MURINUM, AMARANTHUS RETROFLEXUS.

 
Keyword(s): TOMATO, WEED DENSITY, WEED CONTROL
 
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