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Paper Information

Title: 

EVALUATIONS OF SOME TRAP CROP EFFICIENCIES TO BROOMRAPE (OROBANCHE-AEGYPTIACA) DAMAGE REDUCTION IN TOMATO (LYCOPERSICON-ESCULENTUM)

Type: PAPER
Author(s): BABAEI SIRWAN,ALIZADEH HASSAN,JAHANSUZ MOHAMMAD R.,RAHIMIAN MASHAHADI HAMID,MINBASHI MOEINI MEHDI
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  ANKOMANE OLOME ALAFHAYE HARZE IRAN
Date:  2010Volume 3
 
 
Abstract: 

BROOMRAPE (OROBANCHE SPP.) IS ROOT HOLOPARASITIC CAUSED SEVERE DAMAGE TO VEGETABLE AND FIELD CROPS WORLDWIDE. THE AIM OF THIS INVESTIGATION WAS TO STUDY THE EFFECTS OF SOME TRAP CROPS ON BROOMRAPE (OROBANCHE-AEGYPTIACA) DAMAGE REDUCTION TO TOMATO; A RANDOMIZED COMPLETE BLOCK DESIGN WITH FOUR REPLICATIONS WAS CARRIED OUT IN GREENHOUSE RESEARCH IN AGRONOMY FACULTY, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, IN 2008 AND 2009. AT THE FIRST YEAR TRAP CROPS INCLUDING GARLIC, EGYPTIAN CLOVER, SESAME, MUNGBEAN, COMMON FLAX AND BEAN CULTIVATING IN POTS AND THE END OF PERIOD WERE HARVESTED. THEN THE NEXT YEAR TOMATO TRANSPLANT WERE CULTIVATED IN THE SAME POTS AND AFTER TWO WEEKS NOURISHMENT WITH HOAGLAND’S SOLUTION BEGUN. AFTER TWO MONTH AND OPTIMUM GROWTH, POTS WERE EVALUATED. SHOOT AND ROOT WEIGHT, AND FRUIT WEIGHT OF TOMATO AND STEM AND TUBER DRY WEIGHT AND NUMBER OF TUBERS ON TOMATO ROOT WERE MEASURED. RESULTS SHOWED THAT SESAME HAD MOST SIGNIFICANT DECREASE IN BROOMRAPE DENSITY. ALSO BLACK-EYED PEA AND MUNGBEAN NOT ONLY HAD PARTLY EFFECTS ON BROOMRAPE TO DAMAGE REDUCTION BUT ALSO HAD INCREASE IN TOMATO YIELD.

 
Keyword(s): TRAP CROP, BROOMRAPE, TOMATO
 
 
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