Paper Information

Title: 

THE INVESTIGATION PROBLEMS OF HYDRATE FORMATION IN OIL AND GAS PIPES IN REFINING INDUSTRY

Type: PAPER
Author(s): SAMIMI AMIR*,SETOUDEH MEHRDAD,SAFAVIAN AMIR
 
 *ISFAHAN OIL REFINERY COMPANY, ISOMAX UNIT 1, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Name of Seminar: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OIL, GAS, PETROCHEMICAL AND POWER PLANT
Type of Seminar:  CONFERENCE
Sponsor:  SHERKATE TAVONI AMOZESHI PAZHOHESHI VESTA
Date:  2012Volume 1
 
 
Abstract: 

NATURAL GAS AND CRUDE OIL IN NATURAL EXIST IN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIRS ARE IN CONTACT WITH WATER. BECAUSE WATER MOLECULES HAVE STRONG HYDROGEN BONDS, WITH THE CREATION OF HOLES IN THE LATTICE-LIKE STRUCTURE. THE LATTICE-LIKE EMPTY STRUCTURE ARE UNSTABLE NETWORK, BUT IN THE PRESENCE OF NATURAL GAS COMPONENTS WITH MOLECULAR DIAMETERS SMALLER THAN OF DIAMETER HOLES CAN BUILD SUSTAINABLE CONVERSION. THE MATERIAL CRYSTAL QUASI ICE THAT NAME NATURAL GAS HYDRATE. HYDRATE GAS, COMPOUNDS CRYSTAL SOLID THAT LIKE SNOW OR ICE. THE SET OF PROCESSES IN THE OIL INDUSTRY, THE PHENOMENON MAY CAUSE THE FORMATION OF HYDROCARBONS HYDRATE IS THAT CAN MAKE FOULING LINES TUBE AND CAUSE COMPLICATIONS LIKE EXPLOSION IN THE BACK OF THE CONTROL VALVES. WATER VAPOR IN THE NATURAL GAS ALWAYS SUPPLIED INTERRUPTIONS IN THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY AND GAS HAVE BEEN MEASURED. SOLID MATERIAL IN THE PIPELINE LIKE THE THRUSH, IN EFFECT OF MOVE GAS IN THE GAS PIPELINE, IN THE POST AND THE SHORT AND COMPRESSED, AND SUBSEQUENTLY BLOCKED THE PIPELINE. THE FREEZING TEMPERATURES ARE BELOW ZERO, OR A COMBINATION OF LOW TEMPERATURES WITH PRESSURE FLUCTUATIONS, IN THE SECOND ALTERNATE CAN CAUSE OCCUR CONDENSATION AND EVAPORATION IN LIGHT HYDROCARBONS SUCH AS PROPANE AND BUTANE. HYDRATE CAPABILITY GAS IN STORE NATURAL GAS STORAGE, CAUSE ATTRACTIVE ABOUT USING IT FOR STORAGE PURPOSES STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS AND OTHER GASES AS A RIVAL FOR THE LIQUEFY AND CONDENSATION WILL BE. THIS GAS HYDRATE TECHNOLOGY AND THE REASONS FOR ITS IMPORTANCE IN THE REFINING INDUSTRY HAVE BEEN STUDIED.

 
Keyword(s): HYDRATES, NATURAL GAS, CRYSTAL SOLID, CONDENSATION
 
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