Paper Information

Title: 

OIL SPILL CLEANUP FROM SEA WATER BY SORBENT MATERIALS

Type: PAPER
Author(s): RASOULI MARYAM*,TAGHVAEI SAEED,MAZAHERI SAID
 
 *FACULTY OF MARINE SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, NORTH TEHRAN BRANCH
 
Name of Seminar: CONGREH MELI SANAYE DARYAEI IRAN
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  Iranian association of naval architecture and marine engineering
Date:  2007Volume 9
 
 
Abstract: 

OIL SPILL POLLUTIONS, A SEVERE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM WHICH PERSISTS IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT OR INLAND WATER ACROSS THE WORLD HAS GROWN TO AN ALARMING MAGNITUDE INCREASED LEVELS OF OIL PRODUCTION AND TRANSPORTATION. CRUDE OIL RELEASED TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT THROUGH ACCIDENTAL SPILLAGE OR DRAINAGE FROM LAND CAUSES SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND MARINE LIFE TREATMENT OF OIL SPILLS REMAINS A CHALLENGE TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS AND TECHNOLOGIST. SORPTION IS A POPULAR TECHNIQUE APPLIED FOR TREATMENT OF OIL SPILLAGE. IN THIS WORK, THE PERFORMANCES OF THREE DIFFERENT SORBENTS, NAMELY, TIRE POWDERS, POLYPROPYLENE FIBERS AND TIRE COMPOSITES, ARE COMPARED IN TERMS OF OIL SORPTION CAPACITY AND OIL RECOVERY EFFICIENCY SCRAP TIRE COMPOSITES ACT AS SORBENT OF OIL SPILLS CONTAMINATION WITH REGARD TO THE IMPORTANCE OF RECYCLING WORN-OUT TIRES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ACCOMPANYING THE WORN-OUT TIRES AND ALSO BECAUSE OF HYDROPHOBIC SURFACE PROPERTY OF RUBBER SORBENTS, THEY COULD BE REGARDED AMONG THE CHEAP AND ACCESSIBLE SORBENTS FOR ELIMINATING OF OIL SPILLS CONTAMINATION IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT. OIL SPILLS ON THE SEA SURFACE AND FREE WATERS INCUR MANY DAMAGES TO THE ENVIRONMENT. EACH YEAR MORE THAN 500 OIL SPILLS CAUSE ENTRANCE OF EQUIVALENT TO 2.5 MILLION TONS OF OIL INTO FREE WATERS.
WHEREAS IRAN HAS GOT THE LENGTHIEST BANK AMONG PERSIAN GULF STATES, THEREFORE, OIL POLLUTION HAS ALWAYS IMPOSED MANY PROBLEMS FOR PERSIAN GULF RELATED MARINE ECONOMY.

 
Keyword(s): OIL SPILL, MARINE ENVIRONMENT, SORBENTS, POLYPROPYLENE FIBER, SCRAP TIRE COMPOSITES
 
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