Paper Information

Title: 

TILIZATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN PRECISION AGRICULTURE

Type: PAPER
Author(s): FARAHBAKHSH ALI NAGHI*
 
 *COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY OF SHIRAZ
 
Name of Seminar: HAMAYESHE MANTAGHEI KARBORD FANAVARIHAYE NOVIN DAR KESHAVARZI
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  Islamic Azad University, Shiraz
Date:  2008Volume 1
 
 
Abstract: 

PRECISION AGRICULTURE IS A POPULAR NEW CONCEPT IN PRODUCTION. PRECISION AGRICULTURE CAN BE DEFINED AS A COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM DESIGNED TO OPTIMIZE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF CROP INFORMATION, ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES. COMPREHENSIVE PRECISION AGRICULTURE RELIES ON THREE KEY ELEMENTS I.E. INFORMATION, TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT. INFORMATION IS PERHAPS THE MODERN FARMER'S MOST VALUABLE RESOURCE. TIMELY AND ACCURATE INFORMATION IS ESSENTIAL IN ALL PHASES OF PRODUCTION FROM PLANNING THROUGH POSTHARVEST. INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE FARMER INCLUDES CROP CHARACTERISTICS, SOIL PROPERTIES, FERTILITY REQUIREMENTS, WEED POPULATIONS, INSECT POPULATIONS, PLANT GROWTH RESPONSE, HARVEST DATA, AND POST HARVEST PROCESSING DATA. THE PRECISION FARMER MUST SEEK OUT AND USE THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE AT EACH STEP IN THE SYSTEM. MODERN TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE IS THE SECOND KEY TO SUCCESS. TECHNOLOGY IS RAPIDLY EVOLVING AND THE FARMER MUST KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES THAT MAY BE OF BENEFIT IN HIS OR HER OPERATION. THE PERSONAL COMPUTER IS ONE EXAMPLE OF SUCH TECHNOLOGY. COMPUTER SOFTWARE, INCLUDING SPREADSHEETS, DATABASES, GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS), AND OTHER TYPES OF APPLICATION SOFTWARE ARE READILY AVAILABLE. MANAGEMENT, THE THIRD KEY TO SUCCESS, COMBINES THE INFORMATION OBTAINED AND THE AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY INTO A COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM. WITHOUT PROPER MANAGEMENT, PRECISION CROP PRODUCTION WOULD NOT BE EFFECTIVE. FARMERS MUST KNOW HOW TO INTERPRET THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE, HOW TO UTILIZE THE TECHNOLOGY, AND HOW TO MAKE SOUND PRODUCTION DECISIONS.

 
Keyword(s): FARM MANAGEMENT, GIS, IT, PRECISION AGRICULTURE
 
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