Paper Information

Title: 

PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS IN IRANIAN BUS DRIVERS COMPARED TO NORMAL SUBJECTS

Type: POSTER
Author(s): BOSKABADI M.,BOSKABADI M.H.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Background: Bus drivers are exposed to vehicle fumes during work which can induce respiratory problems. Therefore, pulmonary function tests in bus drivers were compared with matched control subjects in this study.
Methods: Pulmonary function tests (PFT) were measured in a sample of 55 Iranian bus drivers in Mashhad city and 55 control subjects with similar age and gender and having other jobs from the general population using a standard spirometer.
Results: All PFT values in bus drivers were significantly lower compared to control group (p<0.005 to p<0.001). A total of 30 (56%) of bus drivers showed PFT pattern of obstructive respiratory disorders (25% mild, 13% moderate and 18% sever) and 11 (20%) of them restrictive lung abnormalities (5.5% mild, 11% moderate and 4.5% sever). The values of FEV1, PEF and MEF25 were significantly lower while FVC was higher in bus drivers with obstructive pattern compared to those with restrictive pattern (p<0.05 to p<0.001).
Conclusion: Theses results showed that bus drivers have a higher risk of work related respiratory disorders specially for obstructive pulmonary disorders
.

 
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