Paper Information

Title: 

RESPIRATORY DISORDERS IN IRANIAN HAIRDRESSERS

Type: POSTER
Author(s): NAZARI A.*,BOSKABADI M.H.,HASHEMI N.,SHAKERI M.T.,KABOLI H.
 
 *DEPT. OF PHYSIOLOGY MUMS, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Background: Various irritating chemicals during work can induce respiratory problems in hairdressers. Therefore, pulmonary function tests and self-reported respiratory symptoms in hair dressers were compare with matched subjects for age and gender in this study.
Methods: The frequency of respiratory symptoms was retrospectively estimated in a sample of 50 female Iranian female hairdressers
using a questionnaire included questions on work-related respiratory symptoms in the past year, allergy, type of irritant chemicals that induce respiratory symptoms, smoking habits and working periods as a hairdresser. Pulmonary function tests were also measured in all participants and an age and smoking habits matched sample of women from the general population as control groups.
Results: A total of 25 (49%) of participants reported work-related respiratory symptoms. Cough (33%) and breathless (29%) were the most common symptoms and only 4% of hairdressers reported wheezing during work. Hairdressers pronounced bleaching powder (23%) and hair spray (8%) as the most irritant chemicals which provoke their respiratory symptoms. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was less than 80% in 27.5% of hairdressers and was significantly lower than control group (p<0.001). In addition, the mean of FVC and PEF (peak expiratory flow) was significantly lower in hairdressers compared to controls (p<0.05 for both cases).
Conclusion: Hairdressing work was associated with a high frequency of work related respiratory symptoms particularly after exposure to bleaching powder and hair spray. PFT values were also significantly reduced among hairdressers.

 
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