Paper Information

Title: 

A SURVEY ON THE ANTIBIOTICS RESIDUES IN THE FOOD PRODUCTS WITH ANIMAL ORIGIN AND PUBLIC HEALTH HAZARD

Type: PAPER
Author(s): FAGHIHI S.M.*
 
 *UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Antibiotics are used frequently for treating animal diseases. Also, they are used at the sub-therapeutic levels for promotion of growth, increased weight gain, and prophylactic purposes. So, their indiscriminate use not only could make problems in the treatment of animal diseases, but also the residues in food products may constitute a human health hazard. A withholding period must be observed until the residues are negligible or can no longer be detected in food (meat, milk, and eggs) intended for human consumption. Drug residue concentrations vary considerably from tissue to tissue and are generally observed to be highest in tissues of storage such as body fat or in organs that actively metabolize and excrete them, e.g., residues may be highest in the body fat, liver and/or kidneys. The presence of antibiotics residues in animal tissues, in addition to induce bacterial drug resistance is considered to make a possibility of production of allergic hypersensitivity reactions. Thereby, inducing drug-resistant bacteria may decrease the effectiveness of some antibiotics in the treatment of human diseases, as well as animal diseases.

 
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