Paper Information

Title: 

DEMOGRAPHICAL, ETIOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FATAL POISONINGS IN IMAM HOSPITAL IN TABRIZ (2003-2005)

Type: POSTER
Author(s): ESLAMBOULCHILAR M.*,ESLAMBOULCHILAR Z.,KARGAR MAHER M.H.
 
 *SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The objective of the present study is to determine the characteristics of fatal poisoning in the Imam-Khomeini hospital in Tabriz.
Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 28 cases of fatal poisoning who were admitted in the poisoning ward of Imam-Khomeini hospital in Tabriz during a two year period, by data collection from the medical records of the patients.
Results: Fatal poisoning in males was more frequent than females (55.2%). The highest rate of deaths related to poisoning was in spring (41.4%). Most of the cases were in the range of 21-30 years age. Fatal poisoning was most common in the married males and females. The mean hospitalization time was 5.78 days. The most common causes of fatal poisoning were organophosphates (24.1%) and organochlorine insecticides (13.8%). The male to female ratio of these fatal cases was 1.3:1 and the age range was 15-90 years (mean±SD = 43.03±21.09). Twenty out of the 28 fatal poisonings were suicide (71.4%), 5 (17.8%) were accident, and 3 were uncertain cases. The majority of unintentional fatal cases were due to opiates (60%). Fatal poisoning was more in the cities (67.9%).
Conclusion: To prevent such poisonings, the widespread community education about the danger of pesticides and opiates, and reducing the exposure period of people with pesticides is recommended. Also the prevention and treatment of poisoning due to organophosphate should merit high priority in the health care of the indigenous population of agricultural regions like Azarbayjan.

 
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