Paper Information

Title: 

ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SALMONELLA AND ESCHERICHIA COLI STRAINS ISOLATED FROM PIGEONS OF KERMAN

Type: POSTER
Author(s): GHANBARPOUR A.,ARJMAND D.,AHMAD A.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Pigeons are one of the reservoirs of Salmonella and Escherichia coli and are important in epidemiology of some infectious disease. The objective of the present study was to isolation and to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella and E. coli strains in feces of pigeons in Kerman.
Methods: In duration of 6 month on 1384, rectal swab samples were obtained from 145 homing pigeons. In bacteriology laboratory the samples were cultured on Mac Conkey Agar, Selenit F. Salmonella and E. coli strains were detected by using the biochemical media like TSI, SIM, EMB, MR-VP and Urea. Antibiotic susceptibility test was conducted as per the disc diffusion technique using antibiotics, viz. ampicillin, chloramphenicol, enrofloxacin, flumequine, furazolidone, gentamicin, linco-spectin, tetracycline and trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole (SXT).
Results: According to the results Salmonella isolated from 4 samples (2.75%) and E.coli was isolated from 81 one (55.86%). Salmonella isolates were resistant to linconspectine, tetracycline, ampyciline, gentamycine and flumequine; but there isn't any resistance against SXT and enrofluxasine. All of the E.coli strains showed resistance to one or more antibiotics. The maximum resistance was against tetracycline (100%), ampycilline (100%), and flumequine (100%) and the minimum was against enrofluxasine (95.5%).
Conclusion: Salmonella and E. coli strains were isolated from pigeons are resistant against some antibiotics and pigeons may play a role in spread of these strains.

 
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