Paper Information

Title: 

THE NUTRITIONAL HEALTH STATUS OF TEHRANI HEADED HOUSEHOLD WOWEN IN LOW INCOME FAMILIES

Type: POSTER
Author(s): SALARKIA N.*,ESFARJANI F.,GOLESTAN B.
 
 *NATIONAL NUTRITION & FOOD TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, SHAHID BEHSHTI MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2009Volume 19
 
 
Abstract: 

Headed household mothers in low income families are a disadvantaged population with low level of physical and mental health. This study was carried out to assess the nutritional health status of Tehrani headed household women in low income families in 2005. In descriptive cross sectional study 124 women with mean age 31±4.8 years, weight 67.2±15 kg, height 156.8±7.7 cm and BMI 27.3±5.7 in different branches of the Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation of Tehran were studied. Demographic and socio-economic data were collected by a questionnaire. Weight and height were measured with the standard method. Biochemical assessments to evaluate anemia was performed by measurement of the serum hemoglobin level. Clinical assessment to examine the goiter grade was performed by palpation and classified as grade 0, 1 or 2 based according to WHO classification. Overweight and obesity were observed in 39 and 26 % of subjects, respectively. Overweight (46%) in subjects with educational status in primary school level was more than secondary school and under diploma (38%), diploma and higher levels (33%). There was no significant relationship between BMI, literacy and age. Majority of subject (93.3%) had normal range of hemoglobin. Anemia in mothers with pregnancy age below 20 (6.5%) was more than others (5.9%). Goiter grade 0 was observed in 83% of subjects. The results showed a relatively high prevalence of overweight and obesity in these subjects. The administration of the nutrition education programs to improve nutritional knowledge of this population is necessary.

 
Keyword(s): NUTRITION, HOUSEHOLD WOMAN, LOW INCOME
 
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