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Paper Information

Title: 

STUDY OF THE PERFORMANCE AND KNOWLEDGE IN PATIENTS WITH ASTHMA ABOUT SELF-CARE TO MEDICAL CENTERS IN SANANDAJ

Type: PAPER
Author(s): ALIRAMAEI N.*
 
 *FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, KURDISTAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Name of Seminar: BIENNIAL CONGRESS ON IMMUNOLOGY, ASTHMA AND ALLERGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES
Date:  2007Volume 6
 
 
Abstract: 

INTRODUCTION: Asthma is defined as a chronic inflammatory disease of airways that is characterized by increased responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree to a multiplicity of stimuli.  Asthma is a very common disease with immense social impact. The prevalence of asthma is rising in many parts of the world, but it is unclear whether this is due to an actual increase in incidence or merely to the fact that the size of the overall population is growing. Each year approximately 470000 hospital admissions and 5000 deaths in the USA are attributed to asthma. Hospitalization rates have been highest among blacks and children, and death rates for asthma are consistently highest among blacks aged 15-24 year. So we can detect this disease as a health public problem.
METHODS: This was a descriptive analytical study. The research community includes all the 384 patients with asthma the hospitalized customers in Tohid and Beasat medical centers in the city of Sanandaj. Research samples were selected on an easy and objective based method. The data was collected using questionnaires that included of parts. (Personal information-practice-amount of information) and was analayzed using computer tools and chi-square.
RESULTS: The findings showed that most of the test subjects were male (%59.9) and (%34) more than 51 years age, (%87) married. Also with (%56) living in city and, (%7) hospitalized for the first time. Data showed that awareness of self-care in asthma as well as accidents for patients suffering from it was good (%14.6) and weak (%74.2). Also they had (%20.8) good practice; mostly (%74.2) had weakness practice. Data showed a significant relationship between some demographic characteristics and the success rate of self care in asthma.
CONCLUSION: It is now well established that asthma is a chronic disease that should, in all but its mildest forms, be treated long-term. The scheme outlined herein is based on, but is not a precise copy of the US. Patient teaching is a critical component of care for the patients with asthma. Multiple inhalers, different types of inhalers, anti-allergy therapy, anti-reflux medications, and avoidance measures are all integral for long – term control. Regarding significant statical relationship between personal information with amount of knowledge and practice of subject units, smeltzer 2004 writes: The patient then carries out daily therapy as part of self-care management, with input and guidance by the health care. Periodic assessments and ongoing monitoring of asthma are essential to determine if the goals of therapy are being met. Clinical assessment and patient self–assessment are the primary methods for monitoring asthma. A home visit to assess the environment for allergens may be indicated for the patients with recurrent exacerbations.

 
Keyword(s): ASTHMA, SELF CARE, KNOWLEDGE, PERFORMANCE
 
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