Paper Information

Title: 

COMMON ALLERGENS IN ALLERGIC PATIENTS OF ZANJAN CITY

Type: PAPER
Author(s): AHMADI AFSHAR AKEFEH*,SEPEHRI S.,MOUSAVINASAB NOUR ALDIN
 
 *ZANJAN UNIVRSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
 
Name of Seminar: BIENNIAL CONGRESS ON IMMUNOLOGY, ASTHMA AND ALLERGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES
Date:  2007Volume 6
 
 
Abstract: 

Background: allergic disorders are the most common disorder in many parts of the world. Skin prick test is still a worldwide commonly technique in allergy diagnosis and identifying the allergens. The purpose of this study is to determine the more common allergens using skin prick test.
Materials and methods: this study was done from 2003 to 2005. Patients with allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis referred to Allergy Clinic of Vali-e-Asr Hospital of Zanjan City, submitted to skin prick test with a series of indoor, outdoor and food allergens.
Results: 111 females and 89 males, 4-60 year of ages were recruited. 83% subjects showed at least one positive skin prick test. The skin prick tests were positive for grass (Rye grass 41%), weed (pigweed 27%, Herb 20%), tree (olive 22%, Ash 20%, butirytis 19.5% ), mites (D.P 16%, D.F 16%), cockroach 14.5%, feather 11%, mold (aspergillus 11.5%, alternaria 7.5%), food (wheat 9%, pepper7.5%, egg 6.5%).
Conclusion: pollens are common allergens in our study as the same as similar study in the other part of Iran. The most positive food in skin test was wheat, without any positive history of reaction after ingestion of bread and strong positive skin prick test to grass in these patients, suggest the cross reactivity between grass and wheat.

 
Keyword(s): SKIN PRICK TEST, ALLERGENS
 
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