Paper Information

Title: 

MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY TEACHING ACCORDING TO PROBLEM BASED LEARNING: EVALUATION AND PERSPECTIVE

Type: SPEECH
Author(s): GHADERI PAKDEL F.*
 
 *DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, URMIA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, URMIA, IRAN
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2009Volume 19
 
 
Abstract: 

The Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is a strategy in which the students are encouraged to think critically and are given the responsibility for their own knowledge acquisition. In true PBL there are no lectures; didactic learning is replaced by student-directed education. Medical physiology as a curriculum of MD students is teaching by traditional verbal presentation or seminars in many medicine faculties of Iran. This article describes the use of PBL in a course in medical physiology.This study was designed to teaching nervous system physiology. In this study the learning process starts with the group reading of problems or cases situation presented on screen. Scenarios were designed to reflect clinics of pathophysiologic cases. Every student can think separately or in a small discuss group. This period last for 30 min to develop learning objectives based on their initial understanding of the problem. The remaining portion of class was spent to explaining the basic mechanisms of case scenarios. In parallel with PBL some items has taught verbally. A questioner with 20 questions was evaluating PBL teaching after course finishing (n=100).The results showed that many students encouraged PBL teaching. The analysis of results showed in PBL teaching students perceived the project positively, in that they felt more freedom and responsibility in learning. Appreciating multiple perspectives and resources, enhancing autonomy and responsibility, improving group communication skills, enhancing applicability of basic mechanism to the clinical setting were items that students selected in a Likert scale. PBL can improve autonomy, critical thinking and self-directed learning in medical students.

 
Keyword(s): MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY TEACHING, PROBLEM BASED LEARNING PERSPECTIVE
 
Yearly Visit 6   tarjomyar
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog