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Paper Information

Title: 

LEARNING STYLES OF PHARMACY STUDENTS IN MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (BASED ON KOLB THEORY)

Type: POSTER
Author(s): HOSSEINI M.*,ETEMAD ALESLAMI BAKHTIARI M.,SAHEB ALZAMANI M.,HOSSEINI B.M.
 
 *EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT CENTER, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: In recent years, colleges of pharmacy have recognized the need to use alternative teaching methods to help students develop the abilities they require to practice pharmacy and provide pharmaceutical care. These abilities include the development of critical thinking, complex problem solving and communication skills. So, it is important for teachers to know how students acquire and process information and what is their strength and weakness in learning in order to design optimal learning opportunities.
Methods: This is a descriptive study has carried out in Mashhad pharmacy faculty in 2006. The 88 students were selected based on stratified random sampling according to their academic year and gender. A questionnaire (including Kolb Learning Style Inventory and demographic questions) was used to gather the data. Validity and reliability of questionnaire was approved before implementation by using content validity and split halves reliability. Data analyzed by SPSS 13 software.
Results: Subjects included 51% female and 49% male and the mean age of students were 21.53 ± 2.06. the most of students prefer diverging and assimilating learning style. No significant differences were seen in subjects according to their academic year, sex and age.
Conclusion: As shown in results, diverging and assimilating are dominant learning style in this study. Although, the common strength of divergers and assimilators is reflective observation ability that empowers them to perform better in information and science careers, but there are few converger students in this survey that are potentially strong in applying theories. So other learners need to gain different learning opportunities to achieve best performance and teachers have to help them by designing flexible teaching methods.

 
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