Paper Information

Title: 

ROLE OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY IN MODERN MEDICINE

Type: PAPER
Author(s): GHANADZADEH GILANI A.*
 
 *NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES, AGA KHAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL COLLEGE, KARACHI, PAKISTAN
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

The use of plants or plant-derived pure chemicals to treat disease is a therapeutic modality, which has stood the test of time. Indeed today many pharmacological classes of drugs include a natural product prototype. Aspirin, atropine, ephedrine, digoxin, morphine, quinine, reserpine, tubocurarine and artimesinin are a few examples of medicines, which were originally discovered through the study of traditional cures and folk knowledge of indigenous people. Some active principles have limited application in modern therapeutics but are invaluable as pharmacological "tools" for evaluating the mode of action of other drugs or investigation of basic physiological function. Some examples are atropine, muscarine, nicotine, cocaine, reserpine, yohimbine and himbacine. There is a revival of interest in the use of medicinal plants in their crude form (botanicals) at a global level, a revival which is so dramatic that the annual sale of herbal products exceeds 100 billion dollars. The conventional medicine is now beginning to accept the use of botanicals once they are scientifically validated. Ispaghula, Garlic, Ginseng, Ginger, Ginkgo, St. John's Wort, and Saw palmetto are a few examples of botanicals which are gaining popularity amongst modern physicians and this trend is likely to grow partly due to high cost involved in the development of patentable chemical drugs. There is growing evidence to show that medicinal plants contain synergistic and/or side-effects neutralizing combinations. Ethnopharmacology has already played important role in the development of modern medicine and will play more effective role in the years to come. A team work of botanists, pharmacologists, physicians and chemists is essential for the fruitful outcome on medicinal plants research and such forums provides platform to interact and develop multi-disciplinary research collaboration.

 
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