Paper Information

Title: 

VETERINARY ANTIBACTERIAL USAGE IN IRAN-A DOCUMENTARY SURVEY

Type: POSTER
Author(s): JALALZADEH SHAHRI M.,FAKHR KAZEMI M.,SADEGHI HASHJIN G.
 
 
 
Name of Seminar: IRANIAN CONGRESS OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Type of Seminar:  CONGRESS
Sponsor:  PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY SOCIETY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
Date:  2007Volume 18
 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Antibacterials are widely used to treat and prevent bacterial infections in humans and animals as well as to increase productivity in food animals. Their extensive use outside medical practice has raised concerns regarding the development of resistant bacteria in human beings. Nevertheless, it should be stressed that the use of antibacterial drugs in veterinary medicine is inevitable.
Methods: This survey was designed to find out the situation of antibacterial usage in veterinary practice in Iran during an 8-year period. To accomplish this, raw data over the quantities of all antibacterial drugs distributed in the country and the statistics of Iranian animal population were obtained from the Veterinary Organization of Iran. The effective ingredients of various commercial dosage forms were calculated and, finally, amount of different groups of antibacterials were expressed as ton. In case of intramammary infusions, as they contain various ingredients which were unknown in some cases, the number of used tubes was taken to quantify the medicines used. Antibacterial drugs were classified into 8 major groups.
Results: Statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference among groups of antibacterials used (P<0.001) Based on the findings of the present study, tetracyclines are used more than other antibiotics by Iranian veterinary practitioners. Aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolnes, macrolides penicillins, miscellaneous antibiotics, and chloramphenicol occupy next orders.
Conclusion: It became clear that the use of antibiotics, their decrease or increase, does not follow a specific pattern (such as a shift from agents of higher to lower risks). During the 8 year survey, the usage of antibacterial drugs has increased dramatically so that in the final year there
was a 150% increase compared to the first year.

 
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